The AntiSlavery Movement Essay Research Paper Slavery

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The Anti-Slavery Movement Essay, Research Paper Slavery was an event that has been going on for many years. It caused many problems, therefore some people knew it had to be stopped. The Anti-Slavery Movement began during the 1700s in Europe and later on it spread to the United States. In the U.S. there were many abolitionist leaders that were aiming to abolish slavery and some also aimed to give the slaves their rights. Many of those abolitionist leaders formed anti-slavery societies that included people who were against slavery. There was a very important event that happened during the anti-slavery movement. This event is the Underground Railroad. Frederick Douglass was a very important African-American figure during the anti-slavery movement. The document that ended slavery

was the Emancipation Proclamation. Slavery had persisted for many years. It caused protest, rebellion, and social and civil war because many people were against slavery and wanted to end it. Before the eighteenth century, the Quakers questioned the morality of slavery. Their religion declared that slavery was unfair. In 1775, the Quakers made the first American anti-slavery group. The Quakers led a very strong-held ban against slavery. Many abolitionists were inspired from the Quakers fight against slavery. By the 1830s abolitionism became a major political issue in the U.S. The Quakers began to fight against slavery in the 1600s, and so did the beginning of the anti-slavery movement also known as the abolitionist movement. They debated, made speeches, and preached to many

people. 1 Although many Quaker leaders opposed slavery, they owned slaves. In 1780, Pennsylvania passed An Act for the Gradual Abolishment of slavery, and during this time all Quakers became against slavery and they joined the abolishment movement. The abolishment movement began because of the Quaker s involvement in anti-slavery. The first anti-slavery newspaper was Genius of Universal Emancipation . It was published in 1821 by Benjamin Lundy. Following it, there were many other anti-slavery newspapers that concentrated on the issue of slavery and civil rights. These newspapers are, The Liberator (William Lloyd Garrison and Maria Weston Chapman), The Free Enquirer (Fanny Wright and Robert Dale Owen), The Philanthropist (James Birney), North Star (Frederick Douglass), Freedom’s

Journal (Samuel E. Cornish), The Mystery (Martin Robinson Delany), Emancipator and Public Morals and Mirror of Liberty (David Ruggles), Commonwealth (Julia Ward Howe and Samuel Gridley Howe), Colored American (James W. Pennington), St. Louis Observer (Elijah P. Lovejoy), National Anti-Slavery Standard (Lydia Maria Child), Palladium of Liberty (Charles Langston), National Watchman (Henry Highland Garnet), Pittsburgh Saturday Visiter and St. Cloud Visiter (Jane Grey Swisshelm), Cleveland True Democrat and the Aliened American (William Howard Day) and Pennsylvania Freeman (John Greenleaf Whittier). These papers received support from the Anti-Slavery Society. These papers included speeches from republicans, passage from sermons, quotations from slave stories, and reports on

anti-slavery meetings. Editors of these newspapers were often attacked and on 7th November, 1837, Elijah P. Lovejoy was killed while attempting to protect his printing press from a pro-slavery mob. 2 In 1823 the Anti-Slavery Society which they formed that year, and which superseded the transitional African Institution, was led in the Parliamentary phase of its labors by Thomas Fowell Buxton, wealthy brewer and brother-in-law of Elizabeth Fry, the Quaker prison reformer. 3 In 1831, the first Anti-Slavery Society in New York was formed by Arthur Tappan. The purpose of the Anti-Slavery Society was to abolish slavery on the United States, and improve the mental, moral, and political condition of the colored people . Two years later it became a national organization and Tappan was