The American Civil War Essay Research Paper

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The American Civil War Essay, Research Paper Was Slavery the Cause of the Civil War? The American Civil War is the major military conflict between the United States of America and eleven Southern states that succeeded and organized as the Confederate States of America. Up until the end of the war in 1865 the primary source of labor in the United States were enslaved African Americans. Slavery can be defined as the most absolute form of human servitude and ownership. Their services or labor is obtained forcefully. Their physical bodies are considered as the property of another human being, meaning they could be sold, bought, traded, and be subject to anything else at their owner’s discretion. . Since the first purchase of African Americans as slaves in North America in 1619,

slavery gradually became an accepted feature and an essential industry to the economy and society. But fortunately the dehumanization and these violating of human rights have not gone unnoticed. Although there are many different issues and events leading up to the war, it is clear that slavery is in fact the primary cause of the Civil War. There are many different causes for the Civil War. While the years leading up to the war were uneasy, they were also a time of tremendous growth for the United States. In 1800 only eight million people lived in America. By the beginning of the war in 1861, the population had soared to thirty- one million. The country also had vast new unexplored territories waiting to be settled. Strong foreign nations such as England and France were finally

beginning to pay attention to this thriving young country. Although this growth brought the United States wealth and glory, it also created conflicts throughout the nation. As the country changed, two very distinct ways of life developed: one in the North and the other in the South. Throughout the North booming cities like New York, Boston, and Philadelphia were knee deep in the Industrial Age. Factories and mills rose up along the streets and gave jobs to millions of immigrants from foreign countries. Inventors developed new machines that turned out products at record- breaking speeds. These cities bustled with noise and excitement everyday. The South was quite a different a different scene. Life in the South revolved around huge estates called plantations where huge fields of

cotton, tobacco, and other crops were grown. The largest city in the South was New Orleans with a population of 150,000 people. Yet compared to the industrial cities in the North New Orleans was just a little town. The people in the two sections were just as different as their cities and towns. In the North politicians and merchants accused Southerners of being backward and old-fashioned, while in the South men called Northerners miserable Yankees and complained that they were blind with greed. These bad feelings probably originate from the fact the two sides rely on each other for trade. The North depended on the rich fields of the South for raw materials and the South depended on the factories of the North to process their crops. This situation caused bad feelings, particularly

from the Southern farmers. They felt that the price Northern merchants paid for their crops were too low and also that they were being charged too much for factory-made products from the North. In addition, Southern farmers needed the Northern merchants to ship their goods overseas and therefore had to pay whatever they charged. The North and South were two different nations in every aspect, similar in one aspect only, their hatred for each other. People from the North and the South had developed different ways of living and thinking. But nothing did more to stir anger between them than the subject of slavery. Although the slaveholding planter class was a small minority of the Southern population, it dominated Southern politics and society. Because slaves were the biggest