The Ages Of Poetry Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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"Nutting." Gioia writes, "Where tall black trunks of lightning-scalded pine / push through the tangled woods to make a roost / for hawks and swarming crows. / And sharp inclines / where twisting through the thorn-thick underbrush."(9-14) In each passage, these poets present nature as something wild, rugged, and difficult to maneuver simply through their chosen words. There is also a certain fear and respect of the wild, the rugged, and the untamable part of nature that can be seen in the poems of the English Romantics. In Wordsworth’s, "The Prelude: Book 1, 340-400," he talks about the powerful image of the peak, "a huge peak, black and huge / as if with voluntary power instinct." (39-40) Introducing the concept of the sublime he writes,

"And growing still in stature and grim shape / Towered up between me and the stars, and still, / For so it seemed, with purpose of its own / And measured motion like a living thing, / Strode after me. With trembling oars I turned." (42-46) The powerful presence of this mountain, and its inability to be controlled causes man to fear it, and thus fear nature. William Blake can also see the danger of nature in "The Tyger." The Tyger represents a villainous side to nature, one that is careless, and does not worry about man. He writes, "In what distant deeps or skies / Burnt the fire of thine eyes? / On what wings dare he aspire? / What the hand dare seize the fire?" (5-8) This frightening aspect of the sublime, one in which man is afraid yet in awe of

the power of nature can be seen in the work of Gioia. In Gioia’s, "Becoming a Redwood," we are in awe of nature with the magnificence of the towering redwood tree. Gioia writes, "Unimaginable the redwoods on the far hill / rooted for centuries, the living wood grown tall / and thickened with a hundred thousand days of light." (13-15) With this splendor the wild part of nature implies that there is danger nearby. He writes, "Part of the grass that answers the wind / part of the midnight’s watchfulness that knows / there is no silence but when danger comes." (25-27) This English Romantic concept of sublime that Gioia uses, makes humans to not only fear nature such as the Tyger or the mountains, but also to hold high respect for its beauty and

magnificence. It is interesting to see how much of our history actually does repeat itself. It is amazing that even today, we are asking the same questions about nature and coming to similar conclusions as people did in the 19th century. Its not that nature hasn’t changed, but the attitudes toward nature still build on many general English Romantic ideas. Dana Gioia, in particular, has taken some of the same attitudes toward nature as the Romantics have; he has developed the untamable and wildness of nature, the innocent and virgin, as well as the sublime in his two poems, "Becoming a Redwood," and "Rough Country." English Romantic poets such as William Wordsworth and William Blake influence each of his poems. Because of their strong influence on

contemporary poets today, it would not be surprising to see their influence carry on in yet another century, and have the influence on poets for years to come.