The Advancement Of The Mayan Civilization Essay

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The Advancement Of The Mayan Civilization Essay, Research Paper The highly advanced citizens of the ancient Mayan civilization used hieroglyphics to keep important historical records, made many advancements in mathematics, and had a highly accurate astronomy system. Throughout their years of existence, the Mayans proved to be one of the most advanced civilizations ever recorded. Their hieroglyphic writing skills have been documented to be some of the most sophisticated in all of ancient America. The Mayans also had an amazing understanding of mathematics and the workings of the universe. They have, through these things and more, to be on of the most advanced ancient civilizations in all of the world. The Mayan civilization had a rich and interesting history. The history of

the Mayans has been classified into five historical periods. The first is the Formative Period, which lasted from 1500 BC to approximately 150 AD and saw the rapid development of its early people and the erection of its first temples. Another important period was the Classic Period. This period lasted from about 250 to 900 AD and included the rise royal rule, commerce, urban centers and ceremony. The Postclassic Period occurred from 900 to 1500 AD and whitened the fall of the Mayan civilization 2 from its “Golden Age”. The Mayan history is a remarkable documentation of a extremely advanced civilization. The Mayan hieroglyphic system of writing stands as one of the most remarkable displays of the advancements of a civilization in the history of the Americas due to its

complexity in design and usage. Their system of writing was the only one developed before the arrival of Columbus and has been noted as the most advanced system developed in all of ancient America. The Mayan writing was based on independent sections called glyphs, which many times appear quite flashy and complex to outsiders eyes. Through research by scholars, about 800 glyphs have been discovered , which exceeds the number of signs needed for an alphabet (about 30) or a syllabary (about 125) . Their system, on the other hand, ceased to include enough sign for a logographic script, as in the Chinese. Therefore, it worked much like other hieroglyphic writing systems of that time. The overall form and usage of the writing system proved to be an important tool used by the Mayans.

Their hieroglyphic writing system appears in many different forms. The Mayans have produced approximately 5,000 hieroglyphic writings in many different forms and on such things as alters, ornaments, pottery vessels, building walls and inside caves and 3 tombs. They have also inscribed on stalae, which are slabs of stone which tell important historical facts, and in books, called codices. Some of the inscriptions that have been found have been deciphered to discover that they document the lineage and accomplishments of the rulers of the great Mayan cities. The three of four remaining books are thought, by scholars, to deal with the topics of astrology, astronomy and religion. On the other hand, the codices that have been destroyed probably dealt with many subjects, such as

history, medicine, genealogies, divination and mythology. The forms of the Mayan written language further instill the advancement of this great civilization. The form of the glyphs themselves was very complex. Some of the more elaborate ones were visibly pictures of natural things and yet some were abstract in design. A group of glyphs were put together in glyph groups. The glyph groups are broken down into the main sign and affixes, which are broken down again into prefixes, superfixes, subfixes and postfixes. These are named according to their position in relation to the main sign. The complexity of the glyphs, therefore, increases the proof of the civilization’s advancement. 4 The Mayans have proven their advancement even further through their amazing understanding of the