The Abstract Wild Essay Research Paper — страница 4

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nature to meet the needs of the economy and society. We have created a wilderness hyper reality. Our wilderness areas are becoming more like theme parks. Turner explains that "a created environment is a neutered wild, and a wild to which we no longer live in vital relationship. Artificial influence on the wilderness is creating laboratories out of habitats. He believes that conservationist and biodiversity theories are wrong in their principle. Again he feels that the land should be left to fix and manage itself without human interference and control. Turner argues that the reason we impose human order on nonhuman orders is to gain prediction, control, and efficiency. Although Turner agrees that we cannot preserve wild habitats if their inhabitants are not free, he does not

believe that human existence within an ecosystem will destroy its wildness. It is in essence human control that will destroy the wildness within an ecosystem. Turner does not believe that the ideas of biodiversity or conservation biology will provide solutions to the viability of wild nature and ecological problems because their prescription calls for more control with ideas of resource management. In fact, he call the autonomy of the natural systems the "skeleton in the closet of our conservation ethic(119)." Turner finds that even radical environmentalists have faltered and are now beginning to agree with biologists on solutions to ecological problems. He wisely notes that "true change comes from alteration of structure, not the treatment of symptoms(115)."

According to Turner, scientific solutions only offer the latter type of treatment. Turner offers the "leave it alone and let nature sort it out method" to achieve ecological preservation. He closes by offering hope that Wildness is still out there, and he encourages us to explore the Wild within ourselves. Although I agree with many of Turner?s ideas in The Abstract Wild, I do believe that some of his ideas are in need of a logical critique. In chapter two and later in chapter six, Turner builds up to the argument that maybe if we loved wild nature and lived intimately with it we might be able to properly defend or preserve it. This is a full-proof argument. The key word in that idea is love. Most people might think, "Oh yeah, I love nature. In fact, I went

mountain biking in the Sierra last week." Unfortunately, this is not a statement that defends a powerful emotion, such as love. Turner is correct in his argument that most people haven?t experienced and don?t know wild nature. Nature is a place for humans to escape the confinements of the city-life and indulge in recreational activities. It is not home. Humans don?t feel a personal or loving connection with nature because they view it selfishly from an anthropocentric perception. Besides the selfish view of the recreational nature, most people carry with them Christian values and the ideas of Hamilton, Jefferson, Locke, and Smith that nature is property of man and a resource measured in economical terms. Thus, we may like nature, but we don?t love nature. We don?t treat

nature like we treat our family and home, which brings us back to Turner?s idea that if we loved nature we could defend it with true passionate anger. Without this understanding and personal connection with wild nature, humans will not be able to properly preserve nature. I agree with his argument, but I don?t think his solutions are realistic. Turner?s solution is for man to establish residency in wild nature, and gain knowledge and understanding of the land, the flora, and the fauna. Modern man should return to a primitive society and adopt the Native American way of life. Furthermore, it is the art, beauty, and myth of wild nature that will lead us back to wildness and our place in nature. His solution seems logical, but it is too idealistic. Modern Western Civilization just

simply will not succumb to these solutions under the present control of the many facets of megatechnology. The vast majority of human minds are controlled by corporations on a global scale that for economic purposes (or the love of money) would prevent Turner?s solution from becoming reality. Unfortunately, it seems that only a few enlightened individuals have the courage to commit to this way of life and understand the wild. Logically, humans will only commit to major change once they are scared into submission, but only after the collapse of the environment. Turner is accurate in his claim that the solution of preserving the wild begins with language. Language is the basis of how we express our ideas, morals, and values. Unfortunately, this is another area in which