The 1918 Influenza Pandemic Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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postmortem reports in a library with summer med-students he found that many deaths occurred earlier than 1918, and of other diseases that had the same symptoms as the influenza of 1918. As early as 1916 their were reports of deaths in Camp Aldershot, British Barracks in London, and a few cases in France. Many doctors reported in their postmortem statements that the patient would arrive with lack of oxygen to the lips and ears and would die soon thereafter. The patients loss of color to those areas is a result of a disease called cattarah, resulting in cyanosis. Often cattarah patients were confused with flu patients due to the similarities between the two. Another speculation Oxford came to was the swine-flu. By researching post-mortem statements, of Guangdong, Hong Kong, he

noticed cases tracing back all the way to September, October 1888. He was able to do this research based on the efforts of the H-spike and the immune system. He compared the mutations or sequences of the spikes of the human to that of a bird and a swine. Through a computer program he realized that there is no way possible it could have come directly from birds to humans; it would have had to have a middleman. This middleman became known as the swine. In conclusion he noted that the virus could have been floating around for a mere 50 years without great acknowledgement. This is the exact reason why China s death rate was much lower than that of any other country in 1918, the Chinese had actually developed an immunity against this particular flu. This also explains the reason that

when the Chinese went into France, where the virus had been strongly lingering, they did not contract it. [Kolata pgs. 296-297] Although the origination of the 1918 virus is still questionable, the symptoms and diagnosis were not. Thanks to the accurate hospital and military records all or most cases were reported and noted. The reason for such concise data is that during this time WWI was being fought and all military doings were recorded, including medical data. It mostly attacked the very young, or people in the peak stages of their lives, as well as the elder generations. The exact curve was the ages of newborn to 5, 20-24, as well as 70-74. Having the youngest generation die in such heaps almost wiped out our youngest and most pure generation. The other downside was the

people in their 20 s. These were the people who were most capable of having viable offspring, therefore killing the unborn population as well. Another downfall is that being that it was WWI the strongest, most reliable men were dying not only in their homes but in camps across the world, leaving many armies short of men. This is the reason why just causes don t matter, it s everything that it effects as a result, that does. I know how not to get AIDS, says Alfred W. Crosby, a historian of the 1918 flu. I don t know how not to get the flu. This was the exact feeling of the many people living during this time period. It was so deadly, yet so easy not to get. Many senseless precautions were made, and followed, but in many cases not helpful. Across the world foolish laws were being

posted, the New York Commissioner of Health states, any fellow kissing a girl would be wise to do it through a handkerchief. [Stedman, pg.38] In other countries from Europe to Asia and down to Australia, children wore gauze face masks to prevent them from catching the flu, unfortunately it was no help [Stedman, 38-39]. Schools around the world, to keep kids off the streets would allow the kids to stay in school. People tried to follow the unwritten law of the 3 C s Clean mouth, Clean skin, and Clean clothes. Just to take precautions, they also shut down many forms of transportation, as well as large buildings and places where large gatherings of people were held. People were asked to remain at home or where contact with others was limited. These were some of the senseless bounds

taken by the leaders of many countries to try and prevent any more deaths due to this flu. Symptoms of the flu did not have much variation. Most carriers tended to have a lot of the same problems. By definition influenza is an acute, infectious, contagious disease of the respiratory tract, especially the trachea, colloquially called flu or, less often grippe. Medical Studies report that symptoms a person could have are a dry cough due to a sore throat, nasal congestion and/or discharge, odd burning to the eyes. When a more developed case comes along symptoms would tend to also be chill followed by a high fever, muscle pains, and even gastrointestinal symptoms [Microsoft Encarta. Influenza ]. The symptoms of the people from 1918 were very similar. Examples are: sneezing, runny