Thats Where The Tall Corn Grows Essay — страница 3

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the city. As a matter of fact the majority of Iowans live in small towns. Classified as all farmland, Iowans are commonly referred to as “hicks.” However, national attention has been given to Iowa since the nation’s first political caucuses were held here. This has changed some of the stereotypes and confirmed others. Iowa Caucuses have existed in Iowa since about the time it became a state. When Iowa became a state in 1846, conventions was adopted to nominate candidates. The General Assembly reformed their nomination process in 1910 and created a statewide primary. This process was amended again in 1913 to include the selection of delegates to national conventions and a presidential poll. This became the only primary in Iowa because it was expensive and was criticized

heavily for it. The process was left unchanged until about 1968 when the Iowa Democratic Party started a series of reforms to the delegate selection, which later effected the date for the precinct caucuses and grabbed national attention. In 1972 media interest in the Iowa Democratic caucuses started to pick up and George McGovern made a major success in Iowa and it caused media spotlight on Iowa. The Republicans decided to get in on the attention and beginning in 1976 they held their event the same day. This was the birth of Iowa caucuses, which are the nation’s first caucuses, and every four years many states do all they can to have the first caucus in their state. Similar to the national government Iowa’s government has three branches: the legislative, the executive, and

the judicial. The legislative branch makes the laws, the executive branch carries out the policies and programs, and the judicial branch settles any conflicts arising from interpretation or application of the law. Each branch has separate responsibilities but each cannot function without the others. The legislature is broken up into two sections, the House and the Senate. The presiding officer of the House is the “Speaker of the House.” The Speaker of the House has several duties which include: appointing members to committees, naming committee chairpersons, referring bills to committees, overseeing debates, and making procedural rulings. The Speaker is chosen by the members of the majority party and serves a two-year term. “President of the Senate” is the presiding

officer of the Senate. This position is similar to the Speaker of the House except that the President cannot appoint committee chairpersons or members. Another branch of our government is the executive branch. This branch contains agencies that create state departments. The governor chooses a department head for each; this appointment is subject to approval by the Senate. There are two exceptions to this rule: Department of Justice is led by Attorney General and Department of Agriculture which is directed by Secretary of Agriculture. These positions are obtained by election by Iowa voters. The highest authority in the state of Iowa is the governor who is currently Terry Brandstad. The governor is elected for a four-year term and oversees all forms of state government. One

important duty that that the governor has is the power to pass or veto a bill, the veto can be reversed if 2/3 of both houses vote to repass the bill. There are several other leaders in this branch which include: Lieutenant Governor (who succeeds the governor in case of death, impeachment, resignation, or disability), Secretary of State, Auditor of State, and Treasurer of State each who serve four year terms. Our Judicial System is similar to that of a hierarchy. There are two main levels of courts, trial courts and appellate courts. At the trial court level there are three further breakdowns with regard to Judges. These breakdowns are Magistrates, District Associate Judges, and District Judges. Magistrates are at the bottom of this pyramid having the authority to hear simple

misdemeanors or civil suits for $2,000 or less within their county of residence. They are appointed by the Magistrate Appointing Commission and serve a four-year term. The next step up from the Magistrates is the District Associate Judges who hear serious and aggravated misdemeanor cases and civil suits up to $5,000. The District Judges from a list of three nominees appoints district Associate Judges. This list is submitted from the Magistrate Appointing Commission. The top of the trial courts is the District Judges who serve six-year terms and hear a variety of civil and criminal cases. The higher level of the court system is the appellate court, which consists of Court of Appeals and Supreme Court. Court of Appeals were created in 1976 to relieve some of the workload for the