Thailand Political Culture Essay Research Paper INTRODUCTIONFor — страница 4

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ceded since 1893. Thailand’s relations with Japan became increasingly friendly, and when World War II broke out, Thailand capitulated immediately to the Japanese invasion to avoid “unnecessary bloodshed of its people,” and in fact declared war on the United States and Great Britain in 1942. However, the pro-Japanese government was overthrown two years later, and the new leadership encouraged sympathy for the Allied cause. Thailand resumed diplomatic relations with the United States in 1946 and became the 55th member of the United Nations on 15 December 1946. A Time of Unrest The last half of the 20th century has been marked by internal political difficulties. In 1947 a military junta seized control of the government. The ensuing dictatorship was overturned in 1951. A

subsequent coup by the military seven years later resulted in the suspension of the constitution. Political rights slowly regained ground throughout the 1960s, but military rule was re-established in 1971. Student-led demonstrations in 1973 resulted in the appointment of a civilian cabinet, but instability reigned throughout the 1980s and early 1990s, with the government often changing hands. First, in the 1980’s the government was known to have been democratic but in 1991, the military leaders staged a coup removed the Premier from his office and appointed an interim civilian government. In February 1995 the government passed a sweeping pro-democracy package that amended almost all the articles of the constitution passed in 1991. The changes included lowering the voting age

from 20 to 18 years, and Thai citizens were guaranteed due process and equal justice under the law. University of the Philippines in the Visayas Tacloban College Tacloban City THEORIES ON POLITICAL SYSTEMS Country analysis: PUERTO RICO ___________________________________________ Submitted to: Prof. Ladylyn Mangada In partial Fulfillment of the Requirements in Pol. Sci. 101 ___________________________________________ Mary Kristine P. Gardiola 98-46022 BIBLIOGRAPHY  www.msn.expedia.com  www.asiatour.com/index  www.ask.com  www.google.com  Collier’s Encyclopedia; Vol. 22 pp. 230-241 ; ? 1995, P.F. Collier 919 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10022  Compton’s Encyclopedia; Vol. 23 pp. 146-149 ; ? 1996, Compton’s Learning Company, Chicago  Encyclopedia Americana;

Vol. 26 pp. 585-594 ; ? 1980, Americana Corporation, Dranbury, Connecticut  People and Places; Vol. 5 pp. 1302-1313 ; ? 1992, World Book Inc. 525 W. Monroe St. Chicago IL 60661 ANALYSIS Thailand has one of the most diverse cultures in the world that this culture is one of the greatest influences on the way that the Thai people go about their lives. It also influences all the other parts of the government and the society including the government and also the way that they handle their economy. Thus, Thailand’s political culture is as complicated as their culture. With the use of the theories on political culture by Gabriel Almond and Sidney Verba, Thailand’s political culture is very hard to examine. Its political culture seems to fit all the theories involved. First, it is

a participant political culture because although the people do not vote for the chief executives, they still consider themselves as a big factor in the election process. However, it also fits in the parochial type where some of the people are distanced from their national government. These people are the farmers who just want to go on with their lives without having to connect with the national government. Still, Thailand also has a subject political culture because some other group of people view themselves as subjects wherein their lives are directed by the political process above them. The youth of Thailand fit into this type because they are very passive about it and they do not want to discuss it. They seem to think that they can do without it. With this, we can see that the

combination of all these three political cultures make up a different kind of political culture called a civic culture. This is the most ideal culture and this type of political culture leads to a stable democracy. Thus, here we can see that Thailand has acquired a very stable democracy because of the way that the people think and the diversity of the political culture. However, this is already established because as said in the theoretical framework, Thailand is a democracy because of the development of its economy. Theorists like Karl Marx, Max Weber and Barrington Moore support this theory. It says that there are many reasons as to why the government of Thailand is in this state. First, is the maturity of the economy. The idea behind this is that with the rise of economic