Tess Of The Drbervilles Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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this can be found in the beginning pages of Tess. When Angel Clare and his two brothers, pass through Tess’s village and see her and her friends dancing on the grass. He observes for a while and then chooses a partner. He “took almost the first that came to hand”, but he didn’t take Tess. After dancing a short time he left, not noticing her at all. Hardy probably adds this part to make the readers realize that if Angel had selected Tess for his dancing mate, both of them would have escaped their tragic end. In fact, almost every chance that Tess takes and every coincidence she encounters, brings her sadness. For example, she took a chance and helped her parents by going to the market for them, but she ended up killing the family’s horse. A similar desire sends her to

the d’Urbervilles. In her desire to escape from a group of vulgar women, she is thrown into the clutches of Alec d’Urberville. Later, her baby dies of cold and hunger, because for the sake of honor, she refuses to take another chance with Alec, by refusing the help he offers. Her marriage with Angel Clare is wrecked because by her code of honor she must tell him of her affair with Alec. What a different story this would have been if Angel had not caught sight of the d’Urberville lady outside Tess’s chamber. He probably would have weakened and entered the room with similar results. If Tess had not overheard the conversation of Angel’s brothers and had followed through on her plans to visit her parents, she probably would not have met Alec again and her entire life would

have been changed. Nature is used as an evil agent in Hardy?s works. Fate appears in the form of nature, and it affects the lives of each character. It’s main function is to show how man is defenseless against fate. Nature usually gives the impression of being content, but as Hardy shows us, nature can be sinister, becoming more of a character than a setting. This can be seen with this description “The night came in, and took up its place there, unconcerned and indifferent; the night which had already swallowed up his happiness, and was now a thousand other people with as little disturbance or change of mien” (Chapter 35). Hardy has shown very clearly in Tess that he considers time one of the principals of Fate. Hardy uses time with the importance of the moment, and the

disillusionment and change that come with the years. First is how important just a couple of seconds are the other how little really matters in a thousand years or more. There is huge importance placed on the moment, for time is a many great moments. Moments of joy may be turned into bitterness by time. Love may be changed by time. For example, when Angel and Tess knew that “though the fascination with each had exercised over the other…would probably in their first days of separation be even more potent than ever, time must attenuate that effect…when two people are once parted…new growths insensibly bud upwards to fill each vacated place; unforeseen accidents hinder intentions, and old plans are forgotten” (Chapter 36). To be summed up, this means reason should triumph

over passion. That?s they way it shouldn?t be, but the novel is portraid in that way. Woman is fate’s most important instrument for opposing man’s happiness. Hardy believes that woman is helpless in the hands of fate and carries out fate’s work. Hardy unifies his action around a central figure, usually a woman. In search for love, the motivating passion of her life, women become the true carriers of thier own destiny. Tess and the dairy maids are a good example. Tess sees no harm in deceit, if there’s anything to be gained by it. Deceit leads to tragedy. Had Tess told Angel of her secret affair with Alec, both, perhaps, would have been spared. She was undecided about telling him, and waited until her confession led to the disaster. It is in the combination of these

characteristics that most often destroys man. In the hands of fate, woman act as an agent in carrying out it?s work for man in Tess. Fate is also revealed by means of many omens and signs. Joan d’Urberville lives by her fortune-telling book, although she is afraid to have it in her house when she sleeps. Almost everything has significance. For example, the cows will not let down their own milk, the butter will not come in the churn, the cock crows in the afternoon. The vision of the d’Urberville coach is a bad omen, as is the stone of the “Cross-in-hand.” Fate is a part of life, and much can be explained by it. Angel chooses Tess, but it is really fate which has made the choice, therefore the dairy maids do not blame Tess for any part of it. Marian says it must be