Tess Of The Drbervilles Essay Research Paper

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Tess Of The D?rbervilles Essay, Research Paper Thomas Hardy was considered a fatalist. Fatalism is a view of life which insists that all action everywhere is controlled by nature of things or by a power superior to things. It grants the existence of fate, a great impersonal, a primitive force, existing from all eternity, absolutely independent of human wills, superior even to any god whom humans may have invented. The power of fate is embracing and is more difficult to understand than the gods. The scientific parallel of fatalism is determinism. It acknowledges, that man’s struggle against the will behind things, is not to take advantage, but does decree that the laws of cause and effect must not be suspended. Determinism explains the conditions which fatalism describes.

The use of fatalism for extending the plot was a technique used by many Victorian authors, but with Thomas Hardy it became something more than a simple device. Due to his fatalistic view of life, Hardy presents the character of Tess as having a many forces working against her efforts to control her destiny. Fate approaches Tess in many different forms. Fate is through chance and coincidence, and the manisfestations of nature, time, and woman. The basis of Thomas Hardy’s fatalism is seen in his youthful actions and the very first works he wrote, and there is a gradual development up to the day of his death. He had a fatalistic outlook throughout his whole life. In fact, even his birth seemed to be caused by a twist of fate. When Hardy was born, the doctor pronounced him dead. He

was thrown aside until fate stepped in and a nurse realized that Hardy was in fact alive. Probably because of this, Hardy never felt that his life was worth it. He felt that his stoically born life was a record of unhappiness. He believed that fate gives it?s back to man. Hardy incorporates these feelings into the novel Tess of the d’Urbervilles. Fateful incidents, overheard conversations, and undelivered letters are symbols of how fate can be against man. Hardy grew up in the countryside of a small village of Egdon Heath. There he could carefully observe the regularity of natural changes. Hardy lived in an age of transition which added to his melancholy view of life. The industrial revolution was in the process of destroying the agricultural life and the nature that he was so

fond of. The shift of population caused a disintegration of rural customs and traditions which meant security, stability, and dignity for the people. It was a period when fundamental beliefs (religious, social, scientific, and political) were shaken to their very core and brought in their stead the “ache of modernism”. Hardy’s early struggle with religious problems was an important factor in in viewss of fatalism. As a child, it was Hardy’s dream to become a parson. He had several clerical relatives who supported him in his goal. His grandfather, father, uncle, brother, cousin, and two sisters had been musicians in various churches. As a young man, he read church lessons and became curious of the different religions of Christianity. He couldn’t understand that if each

religion believed in the same god how they could practice their faith so differently. This bothered him and eventually resulted in his conversion to a fatalistic approach to life. Hardy’s loss of religious belief was very painful and this brought deep struggles, but his new belief of fatalism helped him to write many great works. Hardy’s fatalistic philosophy is expressed the most in Tess of the d’Urbervilles, than in any of his other pieces. Actually there is similarities between Tess’s life and Hardy’s life. Chance and coincidence is present in Tess but in a negative way. Throughout the novel it is often realized that coincidences could have taken place but they didn?t. Meetings which might have saved many lives are usually missed by a few moments. A good example of