Tess Of Durbervilles Essay Research Paper Tess — страница 2

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family and friends and from her childhood innocence ,it is suggestive of the loneliness she now feels. The baby she has baptised as Sorrow dies, his name being an indication of the anguish that has taken place within Tess due to the circumstances of his conceival and it also epitomises what is to follow through the events of her own sorrowful life. In an attempt to start her life anew, Tess decides to move away from the seclusion of Marlott to Talbothays – where no one will know of her past. Although filled with natural optimism, Tess?s past has already begun to weave the fatalistic web that will trap her like a fly and from which the ravenous spider of chaotic doom will draw all of her life?s animation out. Talbothay?s Dairy is the phase of Tess?s life in which she experiences

her only period of sheer happiness, although at times this is tinctured by mental hesitations as to her purity and righteousness. Here we can see in an abstracted form the way society has entrapped Tess by its assertions of what is supposedly morally correct. ?Like a fascinated bird? Tess is drawn into the wild and overgrown garden by the sound of Angel Clare?s harp – playing. We gain here, a sense of Tess?s affinity within the natural environment as she proceeds as stealthily as a cat through this profusion of growth. Hardy has likened Tess to an animal and this is symbolic also of the eminent disaster to follow. Tess is trapped once again – although on this occasion she is bound to Angel by ideological fetters . Tess is transformed in Angel?s sight ?… a visionary essence

of woman – a whole sex condensed into one typical form?. Tess?s material, physical relationship with Alec has been replaced by a spiritual, idealised one with Angel. She has now become a victim of Angel?s idealisation as her individuality is becoming further suppressed by his imaginative and ethereal reasonings. As the spring season progresses so does Angel and Tess?s romance and eventually she succumbs to Angel?s charms. After failing to tell Angel of her past, she writes him a letter which is placed beneath his door. In a cruel twist of fate , the letter slides beneath the mat and there it remains – unread. Tess and Angel?s marriage is marred by ill – omen. Hardy gives reference to the gnats that know nothing of their brief glorification – as Tess herself cannot fathom

the potent fatalism that will cause her such sorrow. Hardy?s continual use of ill -omen gives the impression of the extent of Tess?s victimisation to fate; the D?urberville coach and the crow of the cock symbolising the death of their relationship. On their honeymoon, traditionally a joyous occasion, Tess confides in Angel the nature of her past. Prior to this confession, Tess is horrified by the portraits she sees hanging on the walls. Angel beholds a similar quality within Tess – an arrogance and ferocity which is the truth linked to her past. On hearing of Tess?s unfortunate past, Angel withdraws from reality by refusing to admit that she is the woman that he loved. ?You were one person; now you are another? Angel?s departure to Brazil leaves Tess almost as a widow . Angel

?s physical rejection of Tess has subjected her to the cruelty of love, a victim once again – she is broken both spiritually and emotionally. It is at this point in the novel that she begins to understand that her beauty is part of the cause of her destruction. In answer to this she dons her oldest field gown, covers half her face with a handkerchief, and snips off her eyebrows to ?keep off these casual lovers?. Tess has realised that part of the victimisation she has undergone is because of her beauty, although this realisation has come too late to save her from Alec?s lustful actions and Angel?s idealised ones. Tess seeks shelter one night beneath some bushes to hide from a lustful man and awakens to find pheasants left half – dead by a shooting party. All of these birds

are writhing in agony apart from those which have been unable to bear any more and have died through the night. Tess reprimands herself for feeling self-pity; ?I be not mangled, and I be not bleeding? – and although she is not physically marred by the events that have so irrevocably altered her life , emotionally and spiritually she is exhausted. The potent tragedy of Tess?s life is that her decisions have always been made with good and pure intentions but have resulted in damaging consequences.Tess is undoubtedly a victim as misery punctuates her life. She is a victim of circumstance in that her individuality makes little difference to her fate, she is a victim of society in the sense that she is a scapegoat of narrow – mindedness and she is a victim of male ideology on the