Terrorist Bombs In The US Essay Research

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Terrorist Bombs In The U.S. Essay, Research Paper Although the people of the United States are still concerned with the threat of international terrorists attacking our land and citizens, there has been an alarming increase in domestic terrorism that has raised the nation?s concern about this problem. This increase in terrorist activity has not been imported from other countries but has had it?s start within our nations boundaries. This increased violence seems to be aimed at influencing governmental policy and public opinion. ?The recent increase in domestic violence is said to be associated with the rise of anti-government sentiment and the proliferation of self-styled militia and paramilitary groups - some of which take extremist positions on race, religion, federal

authority, gun control, or taxation (Fisher 1998).? One of the most devastating and well known forms of terrorism are bombings. Most of the violence associated with anti-governmental attacks takes this form. According to a recent Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) report, bombings or attempted bombings increased from 2,098 in 1990 to 3,199 in 1994 (the latest year available), a 52% increase. Property damage from bombings rose to $7.5 million, with 308 people injured and 31 killed. This does not take into account the tragic Oklahoma City bombing in 1995. Some ATF experts believe that it is the ready availability of materials and easy access to instructions and explosives information on the internet that has been the reason for this increase of bombings. There are

several theories in the class text that help to explain the justification behind the actions of these local terrorist in our country. H. H. A. Cooper (1977) describes one called the ?doctrine of necessity.? He believes that these terrorist cannot accept the world as it is and they also reject the possibility of peaceful means for social change. This is why they become terrorist. Cooper feels most of the terrorist do not enjoy the thought of random violence and murder but that they are driven by their utter hatred of the social status quo. He believes the first step in being a terrorist is the violent rejections of normative society. Although most terrorist do not enjoy violence or wish to adopt terrorist methods, Cooper feels that they are forced toward violence. Violence becomes

necessary because there is no other alternative for correcting the injustices of contemporary society. This doctrine of necessary violence, according to Cooper, justifies acts of terrorism. This theory of Cooper?s can be seen in an example from the Arson and Explosive Incident Report by the ATF. October 11, 1995, The Arizona Desert. Unknown terrorists derail a passenger train 60 miles southwest of Phoenix. One person was killed and 80 injured when the Amtrak train jumped the track and plunged over a bridge. Saboteurs had removed a section of track and bridged the gap with wire to disable the electronic warning system. Notes found at the scene referred to the federal siege at Waco and to Ruby Ridge. At least one note was signed ?Sons of Gestapo,? a group unknown to terrorism

experts. These terrorist ultimate hatred of the status quo might have pushed them to do this deed. They made sure to leave some kind of item behind in order for the emergency personnel to know what the reason was for this meditated action. It might be possible that this incident is race related also, due to the fact the Gestapo were German military police during the Holocaust. Frederick J. Hacker (1976), was a physician who developed an expertise in terrorism and hostage negotiations. He found that terrorists seek reinforcement based on their orientation to life. There are three types of terrorists according to Hacker; criminals, crazies, and crusaders. Crusaders are the type of terrorist that seem most related to the bombings that are occurring in our homefront. According to