Terrorism Essay Research Paper What are the — страница 3

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attempt by the Russian Army to suppress Chechen separatism is a dramatic reminder that the Russian Federation itself is full of ethnic groups that bitterly reject Moscow’s right to rule them.” (“No.53”) In the world, where is terrorism the most horrific and frequent? The Middle East has experienced the most violence since 1968. “If one defines the Middle East as including Algeria and Turkey, both of which have spawned conflicts involving considerable terrorist violence, including some international spillover, this region remains the most dangerous source of terrorist challenges to the wider international community, accounting for over 21% of all international terrorist incidents worldwide in 1992, and over 23% in 1993.” (“No.53”) “In Afghanistan itself, the

forces set in motion by a decade of civil war and intervention continued to sustain internal oppression and instability and to breed global terrorism long afterward.” (Milestones of the 20th Century 142) This is ironic because there have been many efforts to resolve the dispute over the Golan Heights between Israel, Jordan, and Syria. The U.S has urged the nations to form peaceful agreements in the recent years; however, there are four basic motivations for terrorism in the Middle East: 1. “Bitter opposition by Rejectionist Palestinian groups to the agreement between Mr. Arafat and the Israeli government. These groups see Arafat as a traitor who has betrayed the cause of Palestinian self-determination.” 2. “In almost every Moslem country there are groups of extreme

Islamic fundamentalists, inspired and actively encouraged by the Islamic revolutionary r?gime in Iran, ready to wage Jihad against pro-western Arab r?gimes, with the aim of setting up Islamic republics in their place.” 3. “However, the Islamic fundamentalist challenge is not directed solely at incumbent r?gimes in the Moslem world. Frequently they widen their range of targets to include westerners within their country. For example, the GIA in Algeria has deliberately targeted French citizens in Algeria since September 1993, because they allege that France is providing covert support and assistance to the Algerian military r?gime, and is historically responsible for the situation in Algeria.” 4. “The Middle East is also the major region of state sponsors and supporters of

terrorism: Iran, Iraq, Syria, Sudan and Libya. The position of the USA as the sole remaining superpower and the desire of President Assad of Syria to improve relations with America to gain better diplomatic leverage in the Middle East peace process have undoubtedly helped to mute Syria’s terrorist efforts for the time being. But Damascus has not discarded this weapon: it is still giving safe haven to a variety of groups, which it might be useful to unleash at some future time.” (“No.53”) The U.S. is no different from the other nations; it has faced the wrath of international and domestic terrorists. International terrorists prefer to strike businesses abroad and to kidnap innocent people. In Latin America, especially Colombia, terrorists are mostly kidnappers.

“According to reports published by the FBI, in the past eleven years, there have been two international terrorist incidents in the United States. (An international terrorist incident is defined by the FBI as one committed by a group or individual that is foreign-based and/or directed by countries or groups outside the United States or whose activities transcend national boundaries.) One of the two incidents was the notorious and highly destructive World Trade Center bombing in February 1993. The other was not even directed against the U.S. and is hard to characterize as a serious incident: in April 1992, five opponents of the Iranian regime occupied the offices of the Iranian Mission to the United Nations in New York City. The five pled guilty and were sentenced to three months

in jail.” “Last year (1994), there were no terrorist incidents in the United States, according to statistics maintained by the FBI. There was no prevention of terrorist incidents in the United States. There was one set of suspected terrorist incidents, involving improvised explosive devices discovered at two locations in New York. Notes criticizing the government of Israel as being too liberal signed by the Maccabee Squad and the Shield of David accompanied the devices, which did not detonate. The case remains unsolved to date. In 1993, there were 11 domestic terrorist incidents in the U.S. Nine of the eleven all occurred on a single night when animal rights activists placed small incendiary devices in four Chicago department stores that sell furs. (According to the FBI, the