Terrorism Essay Research Paper What are the — страница 2

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anger at being excluded from their society often takes a dangerous turn.” (“Lisson”) Children lose their innocence much due the fact that they are being exposed to sex and violence at a much earlier age. Television, the Internet, and video games easily manipulate the mind of a child. And teenagers can be cruel, even the students of Brooklyn Tech. One can occasionally witness fights and gang initiations in high schools. Almost anyone with Internet access can read the Anarchist’s Cookbook, written by William Powell, and published in 1971. “The original written text provides both a historical overview of Anarchy, Marxism and Terrorism, detailed step by step instructions on how to classify and use drugs, and how to terrorize using both firearms and chemical weapons.”

(“Lisson”) Stephan H. Leader is a security analyst and assistant programmer who tried to define the purpose of terrorism. “For many years, to paraphrase terrorism expert Brian Jenkins, most international terrorists wanted a lot of people watching–not a lot of people dead. They wanted publicity for their causes and used hijackings and bombings to manipulate the American political system and other target governments to further their various agendas. Evidence increasingly suggests that religiously motivated terrorists are much less interested in drawing attention to themselves and their cause and more interested in punishing adversaries by killing large numbers of people. Many recent incidents seem to underline this trend: the World Trade Center and Oklahoma City bombings;

the 1992 and 1994 Buenos Aires bombings of the Israeli Embassy and the Jewish Community Center, respectively; various suicide bombings in Israel; and car bombings in Algeria all seem to be characterized by an apparent desire to kill large numbers of people.” (“The Rise of Terrorism”) The Causes of Terrorism: After quoting the purposes and intentions of terrorism, the causes should be highlighted as well. A main cause of terror and violence is hate. For instance, doctors have been killed and clinics have been bombed. Why? “Issue-group extremists are another growing source of terror violence. Recent escalations in attacks against medical staff, clinics and hospitals by anti-abortion campaigners in the USA, and against research scientists, laboratories and commercial

premises by animal rights campaigners in the UK, are indications of the kinds of motivation involved. Although issue-group extremists aim at changing specific policies or practices rather than the whole socio-political system, their potential for endangering life and social and economic wellbeing should not be underestimated. Issue-group motivated terrorism shows every sign of increasing in the heavily urbanized pluralist democracies, with their complex and vulnerable systems of communications, transportation, electronic funding transfers, etc.” (“Commentary No. 53”, Online) About a decade ago, “six states were actively supporting and sponsoring terrorist acts. Today, seven states are still on the official U.S. list of supporters of international terrorism (Cuba, Iran,

Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria), but only one, Iran, is believed to be sponsoring terrorism actively… Increasingly, terrorists are organized into ad hoc groups. Such groups are fluid organizationally and tend to coalesce into task forces for specific missions. Yonah Alexander has called the new mode of operation “well organized disorganization.” As a result, terrorist groups are harder to track and penetrate, and their targets are harder to predict.” (“The Rise of Terrorism”) The causes of terrorism are different in each distinct nation. In Africa, especially Rwanda, the “ethnic cleansing” is the basis of terrorism. Africans flee from their enemy tribes or armed militias. Their “weapon” of terrorism is rape, torture, and massacre. “International

spillover of such conflicts in the form of terrorist attacks in other countries will vary according to political and strategic circumstances. Where an ethnic group believes it may be in danger of being suppressed or driven out of its base area, and especially when it has militant supporters with access to weapons and explosives based in foreign countries, an international terrorist campaign is far more likely.” (“No.53”) In the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, terrorism originates from ethnic rivalries and hatreds. Those causes were the results of removing Communist dictatorship. Where in region, does terrorism strike the most? Bosnia is often the target to terrorists. “Less well-known in the West are the conflicts in Nagorno-Karabakh and Georgia. The recent