Temple Bombing Essay Research Paper The Temple

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Temple Bombing Essay, Research Paper The Temple Bombing The Temple Bombing by Melissa Fay Greene is a historical account of the 1958 bombing of Atlanta’s Reform Jewish Temple. Greene constructs her narrative in a thrilling and persuasive manner that vividly describes her view and message about anti-Semitism and racial inequality in Atlanta and the rest of the South. Greene links the temple bombing with racial injustice and as a part of the history of civil rights. The lessons communicated can relate to many human beings today. Contrary to popular belief, anti-Semitism in the U.S. was not uncommon. Similar to Anti-Semitism in other countries, Jews were still being used as scapegoats to cure the ails of society. Hate groups were formed, and discrimination was practiced.

Although Jews made attempts to assimilate themselves into society, anti-Semitic views were still a part of the American psyche. Even important historical figures such as Henry Ford who was openly Anti-Semitic. Ford published Jewish hate propaganda including the printed fabrication: The Protocols of the Elders of Zion, in his newspaper The Dearborn Independent. This writing supposedly contained the dialogue of two dozen secret meetings, where Zionist leaders plotted world domination. Although a very wealthy and intelligent entrepreneur living in the US, Ford still became intoxicated by his own fears and insecurity, like many other Americans of that time. In the US, there too have been incidents of torturous anti-Semitic acts. One example of this is the Leo Frank Case of 1913. Leo

Frank was convicted of murdering Mary Peghan, a young employee of a pencil factory, who was sentenced to death, but was lynched by a mob before the sentence could take place. It was clearly evident that Frank was innocent of this crime, but prosecutors colored him to be some kind of sexual pervert and homosexual. Although Frank attempted to appeal because of mistakes in due process, the U.S. Supreme Court refused to reopen the case. In 1915 a group of men kidnapped Frank and hung him from a tree, not to far from Mary Peghan s hometown. It was said some citizens of the community had taken photographs with the body. In Greene s book she states: Frank s treatment had left behind a profound taste of powerlessness and of detachment from the white community. Greene describes the era

between the W.W.I and W.W.II as America s peak of discrimination against Jews. Jews were receiving unfair treatment by universities, banks, manufacturing industries, insurance companies, utilities, publishers, law firms social clubs, engineering and architectural firms, and resorts. Colleges even required an applicant s mother s maiden name, to prevent an assimilated Jew from enrolling in universities. After World War II, the slaughtering of 6 million Jews finally decreased anti-Semitic views and acts in America. There was an increase of acceptance of Jews in American institutions. Surprisingly, anti-Semitism and racial hate did not decrease in the South. Hitler and Nazism redefined anti-Semitism, through making it a matter of race rather than religion, leaving it impossible for

Jews to assimilate. Southern anti-Semitism is significant because it taught denying your culture and assimilating will not protect you from terrorism. Rationally, the South was able to hold on to old values longer than the north because they remained loyal to old values and ideas. Because of this, blacks and Jews were fearful to speak out. Southern anti-Semitism was different from the rest of the country because of the small amount of diversity. Since the Civil War, the South was resistant to change from industrialization to slavery. Southerners still harbored the views and ideas from the civil war. Integration was a vital fear because of the segregation that had existed for so long. The south was ruled by blue-blooded society who relied on and held onto tradition to keep their