Temagami Essay Research Paper TemagamiTable of ContentsIntroduction2The — страница 4

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sustainability. One good thing did come out of the NDP government; a piece of legislation which seemed minimal at the time but would have resounding influence from a legal perspective in the future, the Crown Forest Sustainability Act. The act requires that certain guidlines be followed by the MNR when approving any logging plans. (WILDLANDS) However, for the time being, it appeared that the NDP was as hurtful through their inaction as any past government. And today the PC government appears to be doing nothing to keep the out of control lumber industry in check. Logging practices continue to decimate the landscape, replacing it with rows of arrow straight man-made trees. It appears that each successive government is more willing to promise to support the environment but less

willing in actuality to make any meaningful progress. In order to explain this in a meaningful way, the issue of the Temagami old growth forests should be examined; it is a perfect example of Ontario’s battle between industry and the environment. Temagami Temagami is named as the land of the Teme-Augama. It is known as one of the most diverse ecosystems in Ontario, if not Canada; known for clean, clear lakes and “one of the highest quality lake trout fisheries remaining in Ontario”; (TEMAGAMI 1) for the 2,400 km of canoeable river systems; for one of the last remaining old-growth forests in the province. Temagami has been glorified by painters Archibald Lampman and David Brown Milne, as well writer Archibald Belaney – known as the Grey Owl. (CAN ENCYC) Also, Temagami is

known for the controversy between industrialists and environmentalists over the wildlands it contains. In the course of the past century, loggers and miners have slowly eaten away at the Temagami wilderness while successive governments have sat idly by, and finally this became too much to bear. In the early seventies, the Teme-Augama Anishnaibi decided they must speak out; the method they chose was the launching of a formal challenge against the government’s right to allow industry into their homeland. (TEMAGAMI 1) As word of the challenge spread, others joined the call and the opening stage was set for what would later become the first protest to be looked at herein; the Red Squirrel Road blockade. The Red Squirrel Road extension was perhaps the most expensive fifteen

kilometres of road laid down by the Ontario government. The bill ended up at six million dollars – half of which was for security against the protesters. (MAITHERS) The Teme-Augama banded together with other concerned protesters, chaining themselves to bulldozers, blocking roads by sitting in the path of loggers, and destroying machinery; all in all, performing a great many acts of civil disobedience which will be discussed later. The outcome, besides the spending of copious amounts of money by both sides, was the setting up of the Comprehensive Planning Council (CPC) by the NDP, meant to “strengthen the role of local communities in the management of natural resources in the Temagami area.” (MNR 1) Many protected areas within Temagami were proposed however, dispite making

many protective recommendations, eventually it became clear that the CPC did not intend to recommend any sort of substantial protection. This brings the issue to where it stands today. “Red Squirrel Road” has been replaced with “Owain Lake” but from a legal perspective the concerns are the same. The provincial government appears to be even less environmentally friendly than the CPC. In fact, according to Northwatch, an independant environmental group, “seventeen of the thirty-nine recommendations of the CPC were not accepted beyond an amiguous ‘agreement in principal’ (ie. not in practice).” [see appendix] (NWNEWS) The Ministry, however, boasts that they have “increased environmental protection in the Temagami area, protected old- growth red and white pine and

resolved long-standing land use issues.” (MNR) The debate, which will be discussed in the next section, remains relatively the same, with a few twists. Industrialists still battle for the right to carry on with their jobs while environmentalists and Anishnaibi fight to protect the diverse wilderness. In order that a better background of the debate be presented, the concerns of each must be presented individually; only then can the actual legal conflict be truly appreciated. Part Three: The Temagami Debate “If Greenpeace devoted all the energy to northern forests as it did to tropical forests, we’d be in trouble” — Tony Shebbeare, director of the Brussels office of the Canadian Pulp and Paper Association The Forester Almost fifteen percent of Canadians were employed