Temagami Essay Research Paper TemagamiTable of ContentsIntroduction2The — страница 2

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possible, leaving behind nothing but slash, a slowly eroding landscape and animals searching for lost habitat. For a long time forestry was no more than trying to reap maximum profits, clear maximum land in minimum time and get out quickly. We have indeed come far since those times. Clear-cutting is now a thing of the past and strict measures are in place to ensure that logging is done in a sustainable manner. That can be assured . . . can’t it? No, not so readily as it may seem; that we have come a far way already is evident but in which direction? Clear cutting, as will be shown, is not a thing of the past and as to the regulations in place… we shall see. These question, and many others besides, can be answered by looking at the case study of Temagami. The word Temagami has

become inextricably associated with terms like “old-growth”, “protest”, “forestry”, “environment” and many more. However the actual Temagami issue has always been shrouded in an impenetrable fog which has only lifted at two times in its history as a potential logging and mining site. Behind the fog, a great many things were going on but the focus on Temagami herein will be the two times it surfaced as a genuine concern. “Red Squirrel Road” and “Owain Lake” have become commonly heard phrases but the questions, those which will be examined herein, are more apparant; what do these key phrases mean? And more importantly, what have they to do with the law? Temagami is a prime example in determining the relationship between the environment and the law – both

natural and positive. Forestry is a major issue in Canadain society. There are many fundemental problems with the industry and accociated attitudes as stands today but how can the situation be changed for the good of all concerned? This difficult question will be answered herein to a great extent and perhaps some light will be shed on a murky but important issue. Although not all aspects of the issue can be covered, this essay will, through the case study of Temagami, focus on the legal perspective of forestry – the laws which are in place, those which have been changed or should be changed, as well as those laws which are being broken by either side of the controversy – and outline some methods by which conservation can be acheived through our legal system. Part One: The

History of the Logger “What are the roots that clutch, what branches grow out of this stony rubbish? Son of man you cannot say, or guess, for you know only a heap of broken images, where the sun beats, and the dead tree gives no shelter, the cricket no relief, and the dry stone no sound of water.”–T.S. Eliot The Canadian Forestry Industry Forestry has been longstanding as an industry in Canada; in some ways it was the first real industry – as European settlers found a land of endless forest, they realized that lumber would be the prime resource. Today, approximately 300 000 Canadians are directly employed in the forestry industry - almost 15 percent.(Can Encyc. “Forestry”) In practice, forestry means much more than merely cutting trees. Forestry is defined by Encarta

‘95 as “the management of forestlands for maximum sustained yield of forest resources and benefits.” This may seem a simple definition, however the wording of it deserves further attention. First, forestry means management; management means looking after the forests rather than adopting a ’slash and burn’ attitude. Second, forestry attempts to attain maximum yields; this appears to support the ’slash and burn’ attitude, rather than a conservationist approach. However, the word ’sustained’ is the catch; when added it means that this maximum yiled must be available year after year. Therefore, in theory, forestry is sustainable management, as the definition states. Past practices have strayed greatly from this definition. In North America, the first foresters were

interested in only exploiting forests, worrying little about management and even less about sustainability. This view, which has persisted well into the 20th century, has always been supported by settlers who have viewed the immeasureable number of trees as an inconvenience which had to be removed before farms, houses, towns and roads could be built. (ENCARTA) As more and more settlers came to North America, agriculture began to expand, roads were built, and trees were cut and burnt more for room than for use as a resource. Such activity became common throughout the United States, as well as the lowlands of Canada where early settlers found the best soil for farmland. Unfortunately, once the majority of trees had been cut down, previously lush soil would begin to erode as rain