Teleworking Essay Research Paper Teleworking Moving The — страница 2

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between home and office. Olson’s survey of 598 Datamation readers found that 64,5% of these data processing professionals sometimes worked at home in addition to their regular office work, 12,4% did it as an occasional substitute and 6,2% worked exclusively from home. More recently, attempts have been made to estimate the numbers of mobile workers from sales of portable technology such as mobile phones and laptop computers. In 1994, for instance, New York-based consultants Link Resources drew on such information (along with other sources) to produce their estimate that there are currently seven million mobile teleworkers in the USA, with number predicted to grow to 25 million by the year 2000. Many companies today are letting employees work at home. “More than 50% of US

companies now allow their employees to telework (Manchester Metropolitan University, UK and DGXIII European Commission, 1998) What Is Teleworking?”Teleworking is a new form of working still in a process of evolution.” (Accart, 1997) This is a fairly new term often confused with telecommuting. The word “telecommuting” came first. The American Heritage dictionary of The English Language defines telecommuting as the practice of working at home by using a modem and a computer terminal connected with one’s business office. (1996) The word teleworking is too new to be found in dictionaries. Teleworking obviously refers to working by means of distance. “Networking and by extension teleworking are not a single, easily-measured phenomenon but, on the contrary, comprises a

range of different types of employment which have in common only the fact that they involve some form of relocation of work which has been facilitated by the combined use of information and communication technologies.” (Accart, 1997)”Any work based activity that contains elements of information transmission via communication technology, carried out in a location which is separate from the central organization or office.” (Manchester Metropolitan University, UK and DGXIII European Commission, 1998) The word telework also may imply the use telematic devices and systems such as the computer modem, telephone, TV, fax, beepers, to receive and send information. These devices allow teleworkers to overcome many problems involving distance and time. And of course all of the above

involve working with and exchanging information in often in several forms. Telework, therefore, involves communicating information between people in such a wayThat distance and time constraints are removed. Full implementations of teleworking letpeople work where they wish to work and at times they wish to work. It also implies onemajor advance over traditional working relationships: work travels to people rather thanthe traditional concept of people travelling to work. (The European Commission, 1998) Variations Of Telework There are variations based on several factors. Those based on location include: working physically at home, working at a satellite office or telecenter which may be shared with other workers, working at a temporary location such as an airport, car, van, hotel,

office of a customer or other non fixed location. Then there are variations based on numbers of workers including working alone known as solitary teleworking. The worker usually works away from the main office.Several workers at a location known is known as group-based teleworking. But since the definition is not rigid this could also mean groups of workers at scattered locations. A new term telecottage is a new name for an office equipped with the equipment needed to service groups of teleworkers. These people may even work for different employers.Freelance teleworking is yet another variation, which consists of freelance workers, who may even work for a number of different employers. Finally there is also a variation known as flexible teleworking in which work times, work

groups, work locations may vary. The amount of time spent teleworking versus amount of time spent at regular work may vary. Workers may work away from the office for varying numbers of hours. They may leave the office work to telework or they may just visit the office. Benefits Of Teleworking For The IndividualTeleworking offers benefits for the individual, the family, the employer, and for societyFirst the individual may benefit greatly from teleworking. The possible elimination of a frustrating commute that causes stress, often wastes hours weekly and entails significant expense is in itself a significant motivation for many individuals to seek this kind of work. So many people: waste ten or more hours a week in driving on crowded, roads with hundreds stressful traffic