# Telepathy Essay Research Paper TELEPATHY IntroductionThe aim

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Telepathy Essay, Research Paper TELEPATHY Introduction The aim of this investigation is to statistically analyse the results of telepathy tests run on a selection of people to determine whether none/one/some/all of them poses telepathic powers. These results could be used as a representative sample of other similar people. The selection of people will be children, all 16 or 17 years old, from a further mathematics class. These children are similar in age and assumed to be similarly intelligent. A group of people similar in these characteristics has been chosen, so this group could be used as a representative sample of other similar people. The sample size will be 10 people large, as this should be large enough to show if any of them have telepathic powers compared to the

rest. This size should also be large enough to show if further investigation into this group of society about their telepathic powers should be considered, should some of them exhibit telepathic powers. This size should also be large enough to determine whether the "transmitter" (see below), possesses telepathic powers. A person will take card from a pack of cards and will look at it, while not letting anyone but him/her to view the card. Another person will then state what suit they think the card is, heart, diamond, club or spade. Whether they got the suit right or wrong will be recorded. This investigation will try and determine whether any people in the group can receive telepathic messages, and so the person viewing the card – the "sender", will be the

same person throughout the investigation. This means that the telepathic "sending" ability of the person viewing the card is also tested. When looking at the results from the group as a whole, the telepathic powers of the sender can be analysed, while looking at individual results of people trying to received messages will give an idea as to their own telepathic powers. Each person will try and receive the suit of 20 cards, as this size appears to be a large enough set of tests to determine whether the subject has any telepathic abilities. The card will be picked from a shuffled pack of cards, in case any tampering has been involved. The results of the test will be compared to a binomial model that assumes that the suit that the receiver picks is picked at random (that

the receiver or transmitter has no telepathic powers). This distribution model requires the events to be independent of each other. Certain precautions must be taken to ensure this. The subject must not be told whether or not they got a suit right or wrong, as this may affect their next answer. Also, the subject must not be able to see the transmitter, as this may also affect their answer, as the transmitter’s expression may give an idea to whether they stated the correct suit. The mean and standard deviation will be calculated from the real data, and from the binomial model, so they can be compared. They can then be compared to see if there are any significant differences that could mean telepathic powers are present. Results Person No of correct Answers 1 6 2 8 3 8 4 2 5 3 6

8 7 6 8 6 9 9 10 9 Number of correct answers 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Frequency 1 1 0 0 3 0 3 2 Calculations Using Data Let x be number of correct answers Mean Standard Deviation Binomial Model The binomial probability model can be calculated from the following formula, where given n trials of an event, the probability of r occurrences of an outcome that has a probability p occurring at each trial. To calculate the probability distribution for the set of telepathy tests, assuming that the chance of each subject stating the correct card is ¼, and there are 20 tests run on each subject, the formula is therefore: Using this formula, the probability distribution for correctly stating the suit of card is as follows, where X is the number of suits correctly chosen. x p(x) 0 3.1712 x 10-3 1