Telecommuting Management Essay Research Paper In the

  • Просмотров 134
  • Скачиваний 4
  • Размер файла 16
    Кб

Telecommuting Management Essay, Research Paper In the ever-expanding information age the notion of an office has changed dramatically. Increases in technology such as computers, modems, and the Internet have meant that managers must be able to effectively deal with problems that may arise from using these new advancements. No area is this more necessary than in the field of telecommuting management. Telecommuting moves the work to the worker and allows periodic work out of the central office by employees of a company and with the new international trend of business, brings the all worlds markets in reach. Many positions such as data processors, sales people, software programmers, and even senior executives can use telecommuting. The management of these telecommuters is

essential to the overall effectiveness of the program. Not only do the managers have to maintain effective communication, but they must also select telecommuters, select sites, purchase new equipment, and measure results. Using these methods internationally can also save a company a lot of money by not having to send knowledge workers overseas. Decentralization and Benefits There are many reasons why a company would want to decentralize and start a telecommuting program. The main reason is that 57% or more of the U.S. workforce is comprised of information or knowledge workers. These workers jobs are derived from the collection, manipulation, and dissemination of information, using computers. These workers do not need to be in attendance at a central office because they are able

to do the same work at home. Not commuting to a central workplace, but instead to this virtual workplace, opens up opportunities for business owners and employees. Many potential benefits are increased organizational flexibility, better management, reduced turnover rates, and increased employee morale. Telecommuting programs are very profitable and tend to create these profits in a very short period. This includes the purchase of the equipment and training expenses incurred at the beginning of the program. Businesses save money by not having to pay for sick days and the advent of telecommuting means less office space; less maintenance costs and lowers insurance rates, which the company can use on expansion. International implications are abundant due to the fact that the trend

towards the globalization of business works to spread the telecommuting capabilities to its final state creating international telecommuters, which has already begun. The management of a corporation with global telecommuters would be difficult to manage and would have to take into account all the traits of the domestic telecommuters, plus the global dilemmas, which may arise. Eventually a firm will be able; for example, to hire Chinese programmers for a software program and pay them lower wages then an American programmer, which may cause political tension. Productivity can also be increased due to the fact that employees feel more at ease in their environment and are allowed to work when they feel the most productive. Freedom from a boss constantly monitoring their work gives

them a sense of pride and corporate responsibility that they may not have had in the first place. Many books speculate that people are able to perform better when they are at home because they don?t have to worry about daycare, or their children home alone, or have to take the day off of work to go to the doctor?s office. Environmental concerns are an important reason why a company would decentralize. Less traffic on the highways and less pollutants in the air are benefits of telecommuting. With all of the time that people save by not commuting to and from work, they can spend more time with their families and reduce baby-sitting expenses. Automobile maintenance and gas consumption are reduced, which save the family even more money. Types of Telecommuting There are three main