Telecommunications In Korea Essay Research Paper INTRODUCTIONTelecommunications — страница 6

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instruction, and for sending FM radio programs all over Korea (Lee et.al, 1). These man-made satellites can also be used by the military for defense purposes. Furthermore, a communication satellite will enable Korea to gain instant access to information from other nations, thus narrowing the information gap existing between it and more highly developed countries (Lee et.al 1). Thus, the satellite would actually keep Korea up-to-date on technology and aid Korea in keeping a competitive edge in telecommunications as well as in other social and economical areas. Hence, with the many uses of the satellite, Korea has began its investment for the future. Korea already receives international maritime satellite communications services among navigation vessels or vessel-to-land

communications through the INMARSAT-F3 satellite through its earth station which was completed in December 1990. Since 1989 MOC has considered launching geostationary satellites. In 1992, KTA signed a satellite purchase contract with GE which would be assigned to Martin Marietta, and a launching service contract with McDonnell Douglas for launching two “MUGUNGWHA” satellites with the capability of 3,900 communications circuits, 3 video channels, and 3 broadcasting channels in April and October 1995. As a preliminary step to acquiring satellite operating techniques and creating demands for satellite communications services before the operation of the satellites, KTA leased one set of 72 MHz-level Ku-Band transponders form INTELSAT for five years that began in April 1992. Since

September 1992, KTA has been providing VSAT services through the INTELSAT satellites. Furthermore, in August 1992, the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology successfully launched a 50Kg-level scientific experiment satellite, named KITSAT, through Arianespace. Planned satellite services include trunk relay for public telephony, high speed data, VSAT, DAMA/SCPC rural public voice/data, and direct TV broadcasting (Chung 66). CHAPTER 4: Government Policies The Telecommunications Basic Law and Public Telecommunication Business Law was amended and the Korea Communication Commission was established to secure fair competition, protect subscriber rights and decide on important telecommunications policies. Korea’s closed market system has been changing to a more open market

system. The Korean government has liberalized its regulations on foreign investment and government procurement. The regulatory framework for telecommunications service providers are governed by the Basic Telecommunications Law and the Public Telecommunications Business Law. Under these two laws, the Korean telecommunications service providers are divided into two main categories: network service providers and value added service providers. Network Service Providers are telecommunications service providers who construct or own their own circuits and transmission facilities and must abide by common-carrier obligations, such as universal service. Value Added Service Providers are telecommunication service providers who lease telecommunications circuits from network service providers

and use them to provide their services. Network Service Providers are divided into two categories: General Service Providers, which own nation-wide telecommunications facilities, and specific service providers, whose service provision is limited to the geographically or technically limited sectors, such as mobile telecommunications services. General Service Providers can provide any or all of the following services upon designation of the MOC: voice telecommunications, telex, lease circuits, lease equipment, telegram, data communications, facsimile, and other miscellaneous services. Specific Service Providers can provide any or all of the following services upon license from the MOC: mobile voice telecommunications, paging, port telecommunications, airport telecommunications,

trunk radio communications, wireless data communications, and other miscellaneous services. On the other hand, Value Added Service Providers can provide the following services upon registration with the MOC: on-line database and remote computing services, computer communications services, data transmission services except voice telephony, telex and facsimile services. Only domestic on-line database and remote computing services do not require registration with the MOC. According to the “Understanding”, policies which were signed by the Korean government, the value added services are defined as “any serviced offered over the telecommunications transmission facilities of General Service Providers which employ such computer processing applications as: conversion of content,