Telecommunications In Korea Essay Research Paper INTRODUCTIONTelecommunications — страница 12
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operator. Finally, you license private common carriers or niche players” (67). Thus, the expert advocates that privatization is the way to healthy competition which leads to progress. In their publication, Friedland and Westlake illustrate countries that have licensed second carriers that have seen great improvement in service. Japan was an example of this success. Japan, the first Asian country to open its domestic long-distance market to competition, captured 22% of the market from the established state-controlled provider to three private carriers. Because of this transfer to private carriers, rates on long distance calls have been cut five times since 1988, and are now around 60% cheaper than when liberalization began. They go on to state that the “benefits of liberalization, however, are not merely confined to the industry itself … Better communications spur greater economic activity overall, which in turn produces further growth in telecommunications” (67). CONCLUSION In the decade after the development of the telegraph, the first telecommunication tool, Korea has rapidly developed its telecommunications industry to become a serious competitor to more developed countries. The deciding factor to this conclusion, is the government policies which changed from an authoritarian controller to a more liberalized overseer. Government policies became less regulatory. The turning point from a tight government control to a more liberalized industry began with the delegation of powers to the Korean Telecommunications Authority. This separated powers from one entity to two. Then the Korean Telecommunications Authority delegated powers to other companies as ETRI and other research and development companies. Then as time went on, the government allowed private companies to join in the telecommunications industry. This liberalizing action and deregulation led to the competition necessary for progress. Competition is the factor which invigorates technology. It gives companies the reason to develop quality equipment and service at more affordable prices to the public in order to compete with other companies. Also private companies are able to allocate their own resources, relieving the great burden on the government. Liberalization and deregulation is the process which Korea’s telecommunications industry underwent. I believe it is the factor which has brought Korea’s telecommunications industry where it is today. Liberalization and deregulation means that the government had reduced its regulations on telecommunications companies so that the industry looks attractive to perspective companies. It gives private companies an incentive to begin telecommunications business to Korea. Thus, these companies answer Korea’s telecommunications problems. Korea is serves as an illustration of a country which underwent many changes in telecommunications government policies. The loosening of government reigns can be seen in the media sector. The great increase in newspapers and periodicals after June 29 1987 Declaration of “freedom of the press” serves to show how deregulation can lead to increase in production. Korea still has a long way to go. Its sight on satellites as an answer to telecommunications is still tentative. Although it has not yet caught up with the more developed countries, it is filled with the telecommunication tools as pagers, cellular phones, and other value added services. Korea is booming on the telecommunications superhighway. Arnold, E. & K. Guy, Parallel Convergence: National Strategies in Information Technology. London, 1986. Browett, J. “The newly industrializing countries and radical theories of development.” World Development, V 13, P. 789 – 803. Chung, Son Jon. “KoreaSat”. Via Satellite. January 1994. P 66-67. Friedlang, Jonathan & Michael Westlake. “Overcoming Barriers to Growth.” Far Eastern Economic Review. July 1, 1993. P. 66-67. Jeong, Young-Cheol et.al. An Introduction to Pacific Hemisphere Telecommunications. January 21, 1993. P.1-12. Kang, Hyeon-Dew. Changing International Order in North-East Asia and Communications Policies. 1992. Kim, Eun-Jung. Telecommunications development in the Republic of Korea. 1989. Lee, Sang-Chul et. Al. Satellite, Television and Images in Korea. January 1988. Martin, R.M. “Pluralism and the new corporatism.” Political Studies V XXXIL, 1983 P. 86 -102. MOC, Annual Report. Seoul, 1991, P. 143 – 144. Morgan, Walter. “What is the Asia Market?” Satellite Communications. July 1995. P. 21 Seo, Jung Uck. Korean Strategies for a Digital World. P.26-42. Seo, Jung Uck . Technological Self-Reliance in Korea Telecommunications. 1987. P153-56.