Teens And Stress Essay Research Paper Teens

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Teens And Stress Essay, Research Paper Teens and Stress Today?s teenagers attend school, have jobs, make time for homework, participate in extracurricular activities, and deal with unexpected obstacles that life contains, all in the course of a 24 hour day. Teens must also set aside time to have a social life and for the 8 hours of sleep needed to help prepare them for the next hectic day. With no time for themselves, teens can easily become overstressed. Stress is not just a mental problem, but also a physical response to an undesirable situation. According to a high school psychology textbook, stress is ?a particular pattern of disturbing psychological and physiological reactions that occur when an environmental event threatens important motives and taxes one?s ability to

cope,? (Pikes Peak). Physically, the body reacts the same to stress whether it is positive or negative. Neurotransmitters send and receive messages between brain cells. There are two kinds of messages: ?happy? and ?sad?. Sad signals eventually cause the happy signals to fail. This causes a chemical imbalance called overstress (Pikes Peak). The first happy messenger to malfunction under stress is Serotonin, which causes one of the first signs of stress: inability to sleep. Noradrenalin sets teenagers? bodies? energy levels and causes them to feel energized. When this happy messenger fails, people begin to feel that they no long have enough energy to do much of anything. Dopamine, the third happy messenger, is located adjacent to where Endorphin is released in the brain. When the

Dopamine function declines, the Endorphin function also declines. Endorphins regulate pain, so pain begins to increase when stress causes the Dopamine function to fail. Dopamine also operates the Pleasure Center. When stress interferes on the Dopamine function, it can result in a loss of pleasure in normally enjoyable events. Whether or not the problem that created the stress is solved, the body will return to normal. If the problem is not resolved, however, stress can build up and cause all kinds of physical and emotional symptoms. There are a number of different symptoms that can result from stress. These symptoms can occur before an exam or highly anticipated event. Some symptoms of stress include: head and back aches, muscle cramps, insomnia, stomach aches, sweating, rapid

breathing, poor eating habits, sudden weight change, confusion, and alcohol and drug addiction (Pikes Peak). Stress symptoms are not to be feared, but they do signal that a person is not managing his/her life effectively. They indicate that changes need to be made whether the stress is good or bad. Teenagers face different types of stress than adults. It could be caused by problems at home or school and pressure from friends or family to do well. Stress is not always negative, however; some stress is good. Without stress in people?s lives, they would lack the drive to overcome obstacles. Stress can add flavor, challenge, and opportunity to life (VanWie). The challenges caused by stress help to develop new skills and behavior patterns (Pikes Peak). The problems with stress occur

when it becomes excessive. It can become destructive and turn into distress. Too much stress on the mind and body can make a person feel miserable, worried, sad, and ill. Being under too much stress can cause a person to feel overwhelmed. A person may begin to feel angry and impatient with others and themselves. Little things may cause the sufferer to become upset and cry. Stress is an everyday occurrence that everyone needs, but stress has to know when to leave. Stress can be short term or long term (Pikes Peak). Short term, or acute stress, is a reaction to an immediate threat or situation. Acute stress can cause uneasiness, concern, sadness, loss of appetite, alertness, infertility, and increased metabolism. If the problems seem to be unrelenting, long term, or chronic stress,