Teenagers Smoking Essay Research Paper Teenagers SmokingIntroductionSmoking — страница 2

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they were around 13 years old and at least 4.5 million teenagers between 12-17 in the U.S smoke cigarettes (Tobacco information and prevention source, 1998-99). In the U.S 16.6 million of today s teenagers will become regular smokers and about 5 million die. Many students are smokers. In Florida, 27.4 percent to 25.2 percent of high school students smoke. For female students, the smoking rate is from 25.9 percent to 38.3 percent, and male students from 24.6 percent to 26.5 percent. In Florida, the number of high school students who start smoking has increased from 25.2% to 27.4% (Tobacco information and prevention source, 1998-99). Teenagers between 16 to 18 years old are heavier smokers than teenagers between 14 and 16. In the 1998 version of an annual national survey called

Monitoring the Future, 35.1% of 12th graders smoked for all of the past 30 days, compared to 27.6% of 10th graders and 19.1% of 8th graders (PIRG, 1999). According to FDA Commissioner David Kessler, in a speech on March 8, 1995, 29.9% of seniors in 1993 smoked at least once within the past 30 days were and 19% smoke daily (CDC, 1999). In U.S, less education, smoking prevalence was highest, but high school graduated, the smoke the highest average number of cigarettes (Public Health Service, 1991). Smoking in US: Immigrants There are many teenage immigrant smokers in the U.S, such as Chinese, Filipino, Cambodian, Vietnamese, Latino, white, etc. In California, about 200 teenagers become regular smokers each day. Asian teenagers smoking rate from 1993 to 1996 increased over 50% in CA

(Lew R, Chen A, 1996). In the Asian and Pacific Islander Youth Survey, about 25% smoked tobacco in the last month. Tobacco use among recent Asian American and Pacific Islander (AAPI) immigrant men is much higher than in second and third generation AAPIs (Public Health Service, 1991). Smoking prevalence is highest for the following ethnic groups: Laotian (72% of males smoke), Cambodian (71%), Vietnamese (65%), (Public Health Service, 1991). Survey Methods: We decided to do a survey of Galileo H.S students to study smoking rates in our teenage and immigrant group. In our survey, we have 13 questions, based on the 1993 San Francisco Unified School District Survey. (SFUSD, 1993). We asked teachers, advisors, and friends to pass out the survey for us. We passed out about 250 surveys

and got 205 back. Survey results: The respondents all are Galileo high school students. For our population, 29.5% are 15 years old or younger, 49.3% are 16 or 17 years old, and 21.3% are 18 years old or older. There are 54.1% males and 44.9% females. The grades of the respondents are as follows: 23.7% are 9th grade students, 24.6% are 10th grade students, 24.6% are 11th grade students, and 26.6% are 12th grade students. The ethnicities of our respondents are: African American (3.9%), Cambodian (0.5%), Chinese (79.7%), Filipino (1.9%), Hispanic/Latino (2.9%), Vietnamese (4.8%), South Asian (1.9%), and other (3.9%). The Chinese is a huge percentage of our survey, because we are focusing in Chinese immigrants. In our survey, 11.6% of respondents are born in US, 4.3% of them

immigrated less than one year ago, 60.4% immigrated 1-3 years ago, 15% immigrated 4-6 years ago, and 9.2% immigrated more than 6 years ago. 27.5% of respondents had tried smoking cigarettes, 72.5% of them never smoked. The highest smoking rate is 6.3%: those who smoked a whole cigarette for the first time between the age 11-12 years old (of all respondents). The lowest smoking rate is 0.5%: those who started smoking cigarettes regularly between the age 11-12 years old. During the past 30 days, 2-5 cigarettes per day is the highest ratio of people who smoke. 1.9% of the smokers will not smoke in the future, 19.8% of the smokers won t try smoke, that mean people feel bad about smoking. Conclusion: We disaggregated our survey into three groups: All Respondents, Chinese Only and

Immigrant Only. Those who first tried cigarettes 12 years old or younger, the Chinese Only and Immigrant Only groups are lowest: 11.5% of total responses compared to 12.1% for All Respondents. However, the Chinese Only group was highest in those who started smoking regularly 12 years old or younger: 7.3% for Chinese Only, 7.1% for Immigrants Only and 6.8% for All Respondents. During the past 30 days, 0.6% of the Chinese Only smokers said they smoked the whole month, while 1.9% of All Respondents and 1.6% of Immigrant Only did. 2.2% of the Immigrant Only group said they will try cigarettes in future, more than Chinese Only (1.2%) and All Respondents (1.9%). But, more Immigrants tried quitting smoking (9.3%) cigarettes than Chinese (7.9%) or All (8.7%). We compared our survey and