Teaching English Grammar

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CONTENT INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………3 PART 1 WHAT IS THE GRAMMAR………………………………………4 The Importance of grammar………………………………………….….4 The Psychological Characteristic of Grammar Skills……………………4 The Content of Teaching grammar…………………………………….…6 PART 2 MAJOR METHODS AND PRINCIPLES …………………...…….8 A Brief Review of the Major Methods of Foreign Language Teaching.…8 The Grammar Translation method…………………………………..…8 The Direct Method……………………………………………………..9 The Audiolingual Method……………………………………….……10 Grammar

explanations as used in the major methods………..……….10 Some General Principles of Grammar Teaching……………………..….11 Conscious approach……………………………………………….…..11 Practical approach……………………………………………….…….12 Structural approach……………………………………………………12 Situational approach…………………………………………….….….13 Different approach…………………………………………………….13 PART 3 FURTHER POINTS FOR CONCIDERATION……...…………….14 Introduction of new Material……………………………………………..14 Introducing new language structure…………………………….……..14 Types of

context.....................................................................................15 The presentation of structural form………………………………..…..15 A general model for introducing new language……………………….15 Teaching grammar patterns……………………………………………....16 Correction…………………………………………………………...……18 The Most Common Difficulties in Assimilating English Grammar……...20 PART 4 TYPES OF EXERCISES FOR THE ASSIMILATION OF GRAMMAR…………………………………….…………………………….21 Recognition exercises……………………………………………………21 Drill

exercises………………………………………………..…………..21 Creative exercises………………………………………………………..23 Grammar tests……………………………………………..……………..24 CONCLUSION………………………………………………………..….…..25 LITERATURE…………………………………………………………….….26 ITRODUCTION Language is the chief means by which the human personality expresses itself and fulfills its basic need for social interaction with other persons. Robert Lado wrote that language functions owing to the language skills. A person who knows a language perfectly uses a thousand and one grammar lexical, phonetic rules when he is speaking. Language

skills help us to choose different words and models in our speech. It is clear that the term “grammar” has meant various things at various times and sometimes several things at one time. This plurality of meaning is characteristic of the present time and is the source of confusions in the discussion of grammar as part of the education of children. There have been taking place violent disputes on the subject of teaching grammar at school. The ability to talk about the grammar of a language, to recite its rules, is also very different from ability to speak and understand a language or to read and write it. Those who can use a language are often unable to recite its rules, and those who can recite its rules can be unable to use it. Grammar organizes the vocabulary and as a