Taylorism Essay Research Paper Mail forum on

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Taylorism Essay, Research Paper Mail forum on “Scientific Management” and Frederick W. Taylor. At one point Vincenzo Sandrone submitted a post on the subject that the forum moderator deemed appropriate to the discussion, but to long to be posted to the list. What he did was post a notice to the list that the paper was available from Mr. Sandrone via private E-Mail. What follows is that paper posted on this site with permission of the author. The paper will form part of an undergraduate thesis entitled “Total Quality Engineering – A Holistic Approach to Engineering Management” to be submitted in 1996 in partial fulfillment of the requirements for a BE in Manufacturing Engineering at the University of Technology, Sydney, NSW, Australia. Mr. Sandrone’s source for

quotes is: Taylor Frederick W., 1964, Scientific Management – Comprising Shop Management, The principles of Scientific Management and Testimony before the Special House Committee, Harper and Row All the quotes are from ‘Scientific Management’ this needs to be highlighted as the edition restarted page numbers for each separate section. That is, page numbers are not unique. Please address any comments or critique to Mr. Sandrone. ================================================================== With all the discussion of Taylorism on the list and arguments that both sides did not have the facts, I have decided I may be able to provide some information. I have included a copy of the section on Taylorism from my in process Undergraduate Thesis. I hope that it may help put some

facts into the discussion. Looking over the section I have realized that it contained the highest density of direct quotes in my thesis. I feel this was my subconscious way of fighting the, what I considered, misinformation that I had received about Taylorism. Unfortunately I could not find a “definition” of science as applied in Scientific method. However, I would like to make two points: 1) Taylor did not call his original paper “Scientific management” and by the time he published it the name had stuck and his publisher changed the name. (I cannot recall the name of his original paper.) 2) He sort of defines “Scientific Management” by saying what it is not - It is not “Rule of Thumb” when you consider that piece work based on arbitrary quotas ( and heavily

biased to the employer) was normal practice. The use of work study/measurement to determine a fair quota was a step forward for both management and the workers. ============================================================== Taylorism Under Taylor’s management system, factories are managed through scientific methods rather than by use of the empirical “rule of thumb” so widely prevalent in the days of the late nineteenth century when F. W. Taylor devised his system and published “Scientific Management” in 1911. The main elements of the Scientific Management are [1] : “Time studies Functional or specialized supervision Standardization of tools and implements Standardization of work methods Separate Planning function Management by exception principle The use of

“slide-rules and similar time-saving devices” Instruction cards for workmen Task allocation and large bonus for successful performance The use of the ‘differential rate’ Mnemonic systems for classifying products and implements A routing system A modern costing system etc. etc. ” Taylor called these elements “merely the elements or details of the mechanisms of management” He saw them as extensions of the four principles of management.[2] 1. The development of a true science 2. The scientific selection of the workman 3. The scientific education and development of the workman 4. Intimate and friendly cooperation between the management and the men. Taylor warned [3] of the risks managers make in attempting to make change in what would presently be called, the culture,