Tax Increment Financing Contrasting Effects Essay Research — страница 6
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one slightly smaller than the number 2 ranked mall in the nation in Riverside, California. The area now has two of the top four malls in the nation and other large retail centers are located in the metropolitan areas. However, most of these new shopping malls and major retail centers being located outside the city. Retail sales within the city is extremely low to that of the suburbs. In 1983, the large Hudson=s department store was closed in downtown Detroit, which was a structure in the same class as Macy=s and Marshall Field=s, symbolizing the shift in retail attention. Present growth within the metropolitan areas has mainly included growth in suburbs on the outer two fringes. Between 1970-1990, Rochester Hills doubled it=s population and Novi increased by one-third (Thomas 115). Detroit is still experiencing growth in the metropolitan area, unfortunately little of it is within the city limits. New buildings have been constructed along with a new stadium for the Detroit Tigers about to be built downtown. Limmer (17) I have gone through some history of the suburbanization process in the Detroit metropolitan area and have identified five pillars that influenced the change from a multiethnic society, to one of segregated clusters of people according to class. Were will we go from here? What does the future hold in store for American suburbs? Suburban development has reflected the change in the attitudes of Americans, therefore it is possible that our problems could=ve been prevented. The suburbs are becoming invaded by minority groups such as blacks and Mexicans and the minority population of the suburbs is increasing. It will be interesting to find out what happens when people of different races are forced to live near each other. Will we continue to live near people of the same social status? Future problems may be preventable, and hopefully what happened in Colorado is not going to be a suburban trend. The town of Littleton, Colorado, is supposed to be the type of neighborhood that Americans are striving for. The ideal community for raising a family, away from the dirty and grimy city limits. In the wide open spaces and by the parks, malls, and schools is where we want to live. In a quiet, fit for living atmosphere. Where will we go if our suburbs are infected with terrorism? I have gone through some history of the suburbanization process in the Detroit metropolitan area and have identified five pillars that influenced the change from a multiethnic society, to one of segregated clusters of people according to class. Were will we go from here? 6e0 Boyd, Steven. History of Suburbanization. Detroit: Detroit Chamber of Commerce, 1999. Darden, Joseph T. Detroit: Race and Uneven Development. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1987. Jackson, Kenneth T. Crabgrass Frontier. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. Knox, Paul L. An Introduction to Urban Geography. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1994. Mohl, Raymond A. The Making of Urban America. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources, 1997. Muller, Peter O. Contemporary Suburban America. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1981. Sugrue, Thomas J. The Origins of the Urban Crisis. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1996. Thomas, Scott G. The United States of Suburbia. Amherst: Prometheus Books, 1998. Woodford, Arthur. Detroit, American Urban Renaissance. Tulsa: Continental Heritage, 1979. Zunz, Olivier. The Changing Face of Inequality. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1982.
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