Taoism 3 Essay Research Paper In an — страница 4
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we are here for. He states, “How do I know that the dead do not wonder why they ever longed for life?”(43) This one statement seems almost profound. Why do people believe that this is the only life there is to lead, that they must achieve so much by society’s standards, when they do not know what else lies ahead after death? So many people go through life fearing death, and this is one of the things that Chuang Tzu pities most of humankind for. This fear that is instilled in us seems worthless. People are afraid of the unknown, which is almost pointless because if you are never going to know, what is the point of wasting time being scared? It is fascinating that he believes, or at least presents us with the idea that everything around us could be a dream. “Someday there will be a great awakening when we know that this is all a great dream. Yet the stupid believe they are awake .assuming they understand things how dense.” (44) This is linked to the above quote by the means that people presume to know all about the earth. People assume that this life is the only life to lead, and the way in which they are living it is correct. He shows an interesting perspective with this theory. That everything we, as humans, believe to be reality, could be a “great dream.” He explains that “stupid people” take the world for granted. They don’t question other possibilities, or other trains of thought because they are “dense.” Chuang Tzu tells us to “Forget the years; forget the distinctions. Leap into the boundless and make it your home.” (44) Section three continues along this train of thought of “forget(ting) the years.” The Secret of Caring for Life exhibits what Chuang Tzu really feels about how people should approach their lives. He believes that “knowledge” is endless, and there is such an abundance of it, and such a small span of the human life, that there is no point to strive for something we can never attain. He states, “Follow the middle; go by what is constant, and you can stay in one piece, keep yourself alive, look after your parents, and live out your years.” (46) This is what can make a person content and happy with their life. In the World of Men is section four. This quote exemplifies what he was trying to portray in this chapter: “The future you cannot wait for; the past you cannot pursue. When the world has the Way, the sage succeeds; Good fortune is light as a feather, but nobody knows how to pick it up. Misfortune is heavy as earth, but nobody know how to stay out of it’s way. Leave off, leave off,” (63) There is nothing that anyone can do in this world to change their fate. Fate is predestined and to try to change it or defy it is useless. If a person waits for the inevitable then they have wasted their life. Chuang Tzu advises to just enjoy what life gives you, and to try to stay at of harms way. That is the way to lead a successful life. The discussion of how a person should live their life is a great discussion topic in Chuang Tzu. He asserts that “Life, death, preservation, loss, failure, success, poverty, riches, worthiness, unworthiness, slander, fame, hunger, thirst, cold, heat – these are the alternatives of the world, the workings of fate…Therefore, they should not be enough to destroy your harmony… If you can harmonize and delight in them, master them and never be at a loss for joy…creating the moment within your own mind – this is what I call being whole in power.” The central theme of the Chuang Tzu may be summed up in a single word: freedom. How is man to live in a world dominated by chaos, suffering, and absurdity. Baggage of old ideas, the conventional concepts of right and wrong, good and bad, life and death, that he lugged about with him wherever he went. It is this baggage of conventional values that man must first of all discard before he can be free. If man would once forsake his habit of labeling things good or bad, desirable, then the man-made ills, which are the product of man’s purposeful and value-ridden actions, In Chuang Tzu’s view, the man who has freed himself from conventional standards of judgment can no longer be made to suffer He does not in any literal sense withdraw and hide from the world He remains in society but refrains from acting out of the motives that lead ordinary men to struggle for wealth, fame, success, or safety .In such a state, all human actions become spontaneous and mindless as those of the natural world. Man becomes one with Nature, or Heaven.