Taoism 3 Essay Research Paper In an — страница 3

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sometimes sly, sometimes petty. Their little fears are mean and trembly; their great fears are stunned and overwhelming They cling to their position as though they have sworn before the gods, sure that they are holding on to victory. They fade like fall and winter- such is the way that dwindle day by day. They drown in what they do – you cannot make them turn back.” (32) This quote is so symbolic of the way Chuang Tzu feels about the world around him. Simple men, who keep to the constraints of their life and what is expected of them by society become “petty.” They have no real understanding of the earth and of nature. They don’t understand themselves or their purpose of survival on earth. They believe that survival includes competition for little mindless things. These

things will not make men better humans, just ignorant to everything around them. They waste their minds and their talents. Men who are constrained don’t even find their talents, let alone use them to their full potential. They hold onto meaningless things, that in the end will not help them better themselves. Becoming consumed makes these men fear things they should not, and worship things that symbolize nothingness. Chuang Tzu continues on to state that, “Joy, anger, grief, delight, worry, regret, fickleness, inflexibility, modesty, willfulness, candor, insolence – music from empty holes Let it be! Let it be! [It is enough that] morning and evening we have them, and they are the means by which we live. Without them we would not exist, without us they would have nothing to

take hold of.” (32-33) This emphasis on acceptance of nature is a trend throughout his entire writings. All of these emotions that people let overtake their spirit and attitude are useless. They do not help man, they only hinder him. Chunag Tzu teaches that people can be at peace if they live life without these annoying personality traits. Emotions like “anger”, “worry”, and “regret” get the better of man, they control his actions and his view of the world around him. Whether it makes him insecure or overconfident, these emotions he describes as “empty.” We should just accept what is given to us by the gods and live with what is naturally bestowed upon us. Another concept Chuang Tzu discusses in “Making All Things Equal” is “The Way”. This is one of the

most talked about conceptions in Taoism. He believes that to be one with “The Way” you must accept all things. No division is needed. When a person judges things, he bases it on right and wrong. If there was no right or wrong, then no judgment would need to be made. With “this” and “that”, in the manner in one describes something, a separation is devised. Once all is accepted the opposites that people conceive really no longer exist. Everything is turned into one with “the Way”, there is no division. “Chuang Tzu accepts things as they are, though to the ordinary person attempting to establish values they appear chaotic and doubtful and in need of clarification.” (38) He goes on to use many wordy theories to prove the point that there is no use in

overanalyzing, just accept life and try not to understand it because there are so many things out there that we can not possibly understand. The only possible way to describe “The Way” is to quote Chunag Tzu himself because the concept is so hard to grasp. “‘The Way has never known boundaries; speech has no constancy.’ Let me tell you what the boundaries are, there is left, there is right, there are theories, there are debates, there are divisions, there are discriminations, there are emulations, and there are contentions. These are called the Eight Virtues. As to what is beyond the Six Realms [heaven, earth, and the four directions, i.e., the universe] the sage admits it exists, but does not theorize .So [I say], those who divide fail to divide; those who discriminate,

fail to discriminate Their sage embraces things. Ordinary men discriminate among them So I say, those who discriminate fail to see.” (39) The basic concept in this that I can devise, which according to Chuang Tzu, I shouldn’t even be analyzing at all, is that the sage tells us not to probe into matters that are beyond us. The person that “divides” fails. He examines life in to much detail and does not just embrace what is given to him. Those who do “discriminate” can not comprehend “The Way”, they over-”theorize”, which is why the “fail to see.” Those who “fail to see” seem to think that the only way to exist on earth is to strive for meaningless things, by Chuang Tzu’s standards. Interesting enough, he explains that people really don’t know what