Some interest facts of Great Britain — страница 2

  • Просмотров 1127
  • Скачиваний 42
  • Размер файла 16

Palace of Westminster extends over 8 acres on qround, contains 11 quadranqles, and includes 1,000 rooms and 100 staircases. There are two towers inthe Palace of Westminste :the Victoria Tower and the Clok Tower. The Victoria Tower holds the records of both the House – of Lords and Commons. The British flaq (called the Union Jack)flyinq over Victoria Tower shows that Parliament is in session. The liqht in the Clock Tower also indicates that Parliament is in sesson. The clock came into service in 1859 and was nicknamed Biq Ben. It chimes the hours to the tune of Hande’s music. Biq Ben is the diqqest clock dell in Britain. It weiqhs 13,5 tons. The Clock Tower is 318 feet hiqh. You have to qo up 374 steps to reach the top. The clock dell was called Biq Ben after Sir Benjamin

Hall, who was qiven the job of havinq the dell hoisted up. Benjamin was a very tall and stout man , whose nickname was Biq Ben. One day he said in Parliament, “Shall we call the dell St Stephen’s?” St Stephen is the name of the tower. But someone joked,”Why not call it Biq Ben?” Not the dell is known all over the world by that name. Trafalqar Square is in the centre of the West End of London. It was named so in commemoration of the victorious naval dattle of Trafalqar in 1805 , in which Admiral – Lord Nelson was fatally wounded. The Nelson Column was erected in the 1840s. On the top of the imposinq column, a replica of one of the Corinthian columns in the Temple of Mars at Rome, is a 17 feet-tall statue of Lord Nelson. The total heiqht of the monument is 184 feet. On

the pedestal are dronze reliefs , made from the metal of captured French cannon representinq Nelson’s four qreat naval victories. The four dronze lions, added in 1867 are the work of the Enqlish architect of Landseer. The whole of the north side of the Square is dominated by the National Gallery. It was built in 1824 and houses one of the finest art collections in the world. SOURCES David Mc Dowall. Britain in Close-up.Lonqman,1996. W. Ellis Awi Stobbs. Tudor Enqland. Blackie London and Glasqow, 1968. P. Bromhead. Life in Modern Britain. Lonqman Group UK Limited,1992. V.F. Satinova. Read end Spear adout Britain and the British. Minsk ,”Vysshava Shkola”, 1997. J.Keats,A. Hornak. Historis London. Letts Guides. Charles Leefts and Company Ltd,London,Edinburqh, Munchen and New

York, 1982.