Система научно-технического перевода (пример перевода программой PROMT Гигант)

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Работа к зачету по СНТП студента 1-го курса факультета ВМК (заочное отделение) Пылова А.Н. Содержание INDEX \c "2" \z "1049" Исходный текст …………………………………………………………………………………….…..3 Перевод программы Promt ………………………………………………….………………………4 Отредактированный перевод ……………………………………………….…………………….. 5 Анализ текста, переведенного программой PROMT Гигант …………….……………………. 7 XE "Исходный

текст" Исходный текст Computer personnel. Computer manufacture There are two overall stages in the manufacture of computers, namely original equipment manufacture, and the design and assembly of complete computer systems. Integrated circuits are designed and developed by electronics engineers, and fabricated by highly skilled workers using sophisticated equipment. Computers are used in the design, manufacture and testing of these circuits. The complete process of designing and constructing a computer is extremely complex, and involves the work of a number of people. The stages are generally as described in the following sections. Most computer manufactures have a research department, investigating new computer architectures, new hardware devices, new

software technics and new computer applications. Scientists, research engineers and technicians, as well as highly skilled software engineers are among the staff of these departments. A more detailed discussion of computing researches to be found in Section 32.5. The overall design of a new computer, or series of computers, Is in the hands of computer architects. Modern computers are designed from both hardware and the software point of view. Accordingly, systems programmers, who write the systems software for the computer, are also involved in the design process. Highly skilled production workers are responsible for the various stages of construction and assembly of units. Production lines are not used. Generally, a team of workers is assigned to take a unit through all stages

of construction and exhaustive testing. One of the highest paid job in computing is that of computer salesman. Salesmen operate in an intensely competitive environment, where their level of pay depends to some extent on their sales figures. A process of saling a large computer system can take several months. Field engineers are responsible for the installation and commissioning of new computer units, and the maintenance and repair of systems in operation. With many computers running 24 hours a day, this type of work often involves calls at unsocial hours. A data processing department. Traditionally, an organization, which uses a computer, has a data processing department, containing all the staff who work directly with the computer. A typical reported structure for a large data

processing department is shown in Figure 31.1. Other departments and individuals in an organization relate to the data processing department as users of the computing equipment. The description of the data processing department given here applies in particular to banks, insurance companies, airlines and many central and local government departments. In overall charge of a data processing departments a data processing manager. Responsibilities of a data processing manager include formulation of policy, approval of projects, staff requirements, staff recruitment and maintaining the relationship of the department with the rest of the company. The work of a data processing department has two aspects, namely the program development aspect, and the operations aspect. On the program