Представители Ренессанса (Representatives of the renaissance and thair contribution to the literature)

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Gymnasium 2 THE REPRESENTATIVES OF THE RENAISSANCE AND THAIR CONTRIBUTION TO THIS PERIOD Student: Stepanov Michael Leonidovich Teacher: Zolotukhina Lyudmila Alexevna Voronezh 2002 CONTENTS Introduction………………………………………………………………3 The Renaissance………………………………………………………….4 Thomas More…………………………………………………………….5 The works of Thomas More……………………………………………...6 “Utopia”…………………………………………………………………..7 Second period of the Renaissance………………………………………..8 Edmund Spenser………………………………………………………….9 The

“Fairy Queen”……………………………………………………….11 The development of the drama. The theatres and actors…………………12 Conclusion………………………………………………………………..15 Used literature…………………………………………………………….16 Introduction I have heard about the Renaissance not so long ago: last year when I was in 10`th form, but do not think that I never knew about this period earlier. Of course I knew but I just did not know how is it called. Actually I always had a great interest to unusual and pleasantly sounding words. So when I have heard the word “renaissance” my attention was immediately attracted by it. My firs association to this word was something

magnificent, brilliant and rustling like a woman`s dress of 18`th century. Soon I have known that the Renaissance is the period of English literature and art. From that time my wish to know about its place in art was becoming stronger and more strongly. I wanted to know more about this period in English art: when did it start, who were the representatives of this period and what did they write, what did they think about. It is not all what I wanted to know about but I can not tell you all questions because I had plenty of them. Now I know more about this period of English literature but nevertheless I still have not calmed down. I have many questions till today and I want to clear up this business. So let`s investigate this period together and find out some new facts… The

Renaissance The “dark” Middle Ages were followed by a time known in art and literature as the Renaissance. The word “renaissance” means “rebirth” in French and was used to denote a phase in the cultural development of Europe between the 14th and 17th centuries. The wave of progress reached the shores of England only in the 16th century. The ideas of the Renaissance came to England together with the ideas of the Reformation (the establishment of the national Church) and were called the “New Learning”. Every year numbers of new books were brought out, and these books were sold openly, but few people could read and enjoy them. The universities were lacking in teachers to spread the ideas of modern thought. So, many English scholars began to go to Italy, where they

learned to understand the ancient classics, and when they came home they adapted their classical learning to the needs of the country. Grammar schools (primary schools) increased in number. The new point of view passed from the schools to the home and to the market place. Many of the learned men in Italy came from the great city of Constantinople. It was besieged and taken by Turks in 1453. All the great libraries and schools in Constantinople had been broken up and destroyed. The Latin and Greek scholars were driven out of the city, glad to escape with their lives and with such books as they could carry away with them. Being learned men, many of them found a welcome in the cities and towns in which they stopped. They began to teach the people how to read the Latin and Greek