Of the Polish political parties and organizations in Vilnius (1919 - 1922 gg.) — страница 3

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the authorities of Poland, the territory of which have been held elections was extended to two of the district: Lida and Braslavsky. Therefore, the main political blocs in Central Lithuania started its operations here and have begun to organize their own committees. December 11-12 in Vilna was the third Congress of the PNC "Revival". It was attended by 1,500 representatives from all povets Central Lithuania. At the Congress of Deputies arrived TNG "Liberation", the PPP, the representatives of the Belarusian People's Committee, trade unions, youth organizations. The Congress decided that the PNC "Revival" and the TNG "liberation" after the merger of Central Lithuania and Poland will become a unified national movement. At the same time the

association has made a split in the ranks of the PNC "Revival". Some figures "Revival" led by S. Mickiewicz argued for the unification of all the historical lands of Lithuania into one state. They advocated for the revival of the Lithuanian state and its federation with Poland. Similar ideas are also supported krayovtsy and representatives of the PPP Lithuania and Belarus. However, the embodiment of such ideas was impossible. The split in the movement not to inflict great harm to the movement as a whole, although the county Braslav S. Mickiewicz has received support from figures PNS "Revival". Official representatives of the PNC "Revival" supported by the majority, led by L. Khominskii. On the same basis were formed and lists for the

election of the motion. Intensified as NDP Vilna Earth. November 13, 1921 in Vilna, was a regular congress NDP Vilna Earth. It was confirmed the basic principles which were expressed earlier regarding the occurrence of Central Lithuania to Poland and land reform. However, the greatest influence in the region had the Polish Central Electoral Committee (PTSIK), an organization which stood at positions close to the Polish right-wing political forces. Support to this Committee received endeki and Christian Democrats. Not played a small role and support unit of the Catholic Church. Given the fact that many minorities in the region were going to boycott the elections, PTSIK, who had a great support of the local Polish population, seriously expect to win. Serious ambitions were at the

Union of People's Councils. PPP Lithuania and Belarus was counting on the votes of workers, railway workers, part of the peasantry and the intelligentsia. Ethnic minorities have not played any role in the election campaign, did not put them and their own electoral lists. Most of the minority did not participate in the elections [9]. Particularly negative attitude towards the elections took Lithuanians. Belarusians and Jews also were inactive, although not advocated a boycott, as the Lithuanians. In addition, lists of all political forces and was attended by representatives of Belarusian and Jewish origin. Elections to the Sejm passed Jan. 8, 1922 electoral turnout was 64.4%. In sum, throughout the Middle Lithuanian and in Leeds and Braslav districts of Wieruszów political

parties and blocs were: PTSIK - Polish Central Elections Committee - 89904; Union of People's Councils - 59518; PDS - The Polish national movement of Vilna land - 24378; PNC - Polish People's Union "Revival" - 20009; PPS - Polish Socialist Party of Lithuania and Belarus - 5496; Democratic Bloc -- 22668. The victory had supporters of incorporation. This idea is supported by those who gave their votes for the candidates PTsIKa (36% of votes cast), SNA (23,8%), NDP Vilna land (9.8%). Together, these blocks have 84 seats in the Sejm. Proponents of autonomy have significantly less support of voters. PNC "Revival" (group Khominskii and Mickiewicz) received 8.8% of the vote, Democratic Bloc - 9.1%, PPP Lieb - 2%. Altogether autonomists received 16 seats. It should be

noted that the number of seats are not fully reflect the percentage of the election results. Considered not voting at a general level, and within the constituencies. So, for example, the Democratic Bloc, despite a good overall result of the election (9% of votes), received only 4 seats. At the same time a group of GoB Mickiewicz's "Revival" and the PPP, focusing on the elections in Braslav county got together 6 seats [10]. After the elections, the greatest interest is not so much the political cards on the factions in the Sejm, as the question of the relationship between federalists and supporters of the inclusion of Poland in Vilnius. By federalists were all left-wing faction, which is about 20 seats. At the same time, the right and the centrists were in favor of the