Of the Polish political parties and organizations in Vilnius (1919 - 1922 gg.) — страница 2

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to accede to the regions they represent Poland [4]. In September 1919 in Vilnius held general elections in the People's Council (Rada). People's Councils were formed in all districts of Wieruszów [5]. Activities happy during the Polish-Soviet war was interrupted. However, in the autumn of 1920 their activities were restored. Thus, the activities of the USC in Vilnius wore broad. Under the auspices of the Society formed the economic, social, cultural, political organization. Society is publishing the press, the general campaign. Great assistance it has provided local authorities to organize communes councils DISTRICT Sejmik. On the territory of the eastern provinces have started to appear and representatives of political parties. And in February 1920 in Vilna, was the Congress of

the Polish People's Union (PNC) "Revival". At the Congress were elected governing bodies of the Union. Delegate of the Congress Party also took part in the congresses held in Warsaw, the Polish People's Party (PPP) "Emancipation" and "Piast". In the first half of 1920 activities of the "Renaissance" has been concentrated mainly on the publication of the same name of the newspaper and some agitation. However, the union is practically not created in this period, its network of committees in the region [6]. Military action at some time slow the process of alliance formation in the region. However, after the signing of the Treaty of Riga in 1921 the situation changed radically. Now all political forces in Vilnius had been part of public

education called Central Lithuania. And they had to struggle for influence in the region. Public education "Central Lithuania" appeared on Oct. 9, 1920 g, after the occupation g.Vilno Polish troops. November 30 was a date for elections to the Seimas Vilensky, a body that was supposed to do, attach Lithuania to Poland or not. Elections were scheduled for January 8, 1922 "Central Lithuania" is a state area of 10 thousand square kilometers. km., a population of 530 thousand people. According to a 1920 national population of the region was as follows: the Poles - 70.6%, Lithuanians - 12.8%, Belarusians - 6%, Jews - 4%. By religion 86% of the population belongs to a Catholic, 8% - to the Orthodox, 4% professed Judaism. The structure of public education included the

territory Sventyanskogo and Ashmyany povets (total 29 communes), in which Belarusians predominated [7]. Education Central Lithuania opened the way for increased political activity. At the time of the proclamation of Central Lithuania, one of the most influential political blocs was Polish People's Union "Revival". PNC "Revival" quickly launched a network of cells throughout the Middle Lithuania. In late December 1920 in Sventyanskom their county employed 30, Vilensky and Oshmyany to 9. December 20, 1920 in Sventyanah was created povets Committee PNC "Revival". 13 - 15 February 1921 in Vilna, was the second Congress of the PNC "Revival". It drew about about 1.2 thousand participants. The congress was attended by the representatives of

"Renaissance", as well as the political forces that advocated the legend status of territorial autonomy for Vilnius to Poland. It was the PPP Lithuania and Belarus (A. Zavshtot, Buiko) and the Polish democratic movement V. Abramovich. The Congress adopted rzolyutsiya, which confirmed earlier decisions PNC "Revival", in terms of autonomy of Vilnius, as well as land reform [8]. Parallel to the Vilnius laid the foundation of the new political forces close to the ideas of the TNG "Piast". September 8, 1921 was a congress of representatives of Central Lithuania, the supporters of software installations TNG "Piast". The Congress decided on the formation of a new political movement - the Polish People's Movement (PPM) of Vilna Earth, elected

governing bodies. Until the end of 1921 Congress passed another 2 new movement (2 October and 13 November). They endorsed the program motion. The leader of the movement, was elected Ya Matsutkevich. PAN Vilna on the position of the Earth was the inclusion of Vilnius as a province of Poland, without granting autonomy, but on the question of land reform - for the allotment of land to be compensated. PAN Vilna Earth directly reflect the opinions of the TNG "Piast", as well as the PNC "Revival" - TNG "Liberation". However, the two organizations formally distinct from its founders, because were formally outside of Poland. In connection with the upcoming elections to the Sejm Vilensky came intensification of political life in Central Lithuania. Decision of