Nikolaev and Yakutia (Николаев и Якутия) — страница 3
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the strengthening of the centuries old traditional ties with Russia. Elected by all the people, the first President of the Republic of Sakha, Mikhail Nikolaev, has become the acknowledged leader of the peoples of Yakutia through his practical efforts for the good of the northern peoples. Many things have been achieved. Chief among them – the shaping and strengthening of the Republic of Sakha as a sovereign state within Russia, the signing the Federal Agreement, signing of the agreement on economic co-operation with the Russian Federation, as a result of which the Republic received the right to dispose of 20 per cent of gem-grade diamonds, 100 per cent of industrial diamonds, 12 per cent of gold and other resources. An agreement has been signed clarifying the status of state property, belonging both to the Republic of Sakha and to the Russian Federation, and providing for the creation of budget tax levies. The Republic of Sakha has adopted the Constitution. With the active support of the president, the foundations were being set for the development of production capacity, 950 enterprises have been put on a new management basis, more than 2.700 farms have been established, diamond cutting was being developed, as well as other processing industries. THE CONCLUSION Today, the Republic of Sakha has its own constitution and its own president. Sakha has embarked on the path of sovereign, equal and independent development. It follows that, from now, it will find its own solutions to social, economic and cultural problems. It offers to co-operate with other peoples on the basis of equal relations in trade, science, politics and culture. Its freedom, newly won, will enable the potential of the Sakha people as a whole, and of each individual, to flower fully. Like the culture of other nation, the culture of Sakha brings its own special contribution to world culture. The granite monument in Moscow to Aleksey Kulakovsky, founder of Yakut literature, is testimony to this. There are many differences between our nations. But there are many common things, too. Every morning sun rise in the East, its rays illuminate snow ridges of Yakutia, reflecting in waves of its full-watered reverse, and roaming in unlimited taiga, these rays carry their light and warmness to the West. We are one of the nations in the planet, who meet sun first of all people. We meet sun with hope of peace, harmony and kind human relations. The used literature: 1. State Company of External Trade SAKHAVNESHOPTTRG Instituted by Decree of Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) President from 21.07.92. 2. Yakutia - Russia: 370 years together. NKI “Bichik” Republic of Sakha (Yakutia), 2002.