History Of The Original Lincoln Douglas Debate — страница 3

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first took the initiative to answer Lincoln s questions. I answer emphatically, as Mr. Lincoln has heard me answer a hundred times from every stump in Illinois, that in my opinion the people of a territory can, by lawful means, exclude slavery from their limits prior to the information of a state constitution He heard me argue the Nebraska Bill on that principle all over that state in 1854, in 1855, and in 1856, and he has no excuse for pretending to be in doubt as to my position on that question. It matters not what the Supreme Court may hereafter decide as to the abstract question whether slavery may or may not go into a territory under the Constitution, the people have the lawful means to introduce it or exclude it as they please, for the reason that slavery cannot exist a day

or an hour anywhere, unless it is supported by local police regulations. Those police regulations can only be established by the local legislature, and if the people opposed to slavery they will elect representatives to prevent the introduction of it into their midst. If, on the contrary, they are for it, their legislation will favor its extension. Hence, no matter what the decision of the Supreme Court may be on that abstract question, still the right of the people to make a slave territory or a free territory if perfect and complete under the Nebraska Bill. The third question which Mr. Lincoln presented is, if the Supreme Court of the United states shall decide that a state of this Union cannot exclude slavery from its own limits will I submit to it? I am amazed that Lincoln

should ask such a question Mr. Lincoln s object is to cast an imputation upon the Supreme Court It is true that Washington Union, is an article in an article published on the 17th of last December, did put forth that doctrine, and I denounced the article on the floor of the Senate, in a speech which Mr. Lincoln now pretends was against the President. The Union had claimed that slavery had a right to go into free states and that any provision in the Constitution of laws of the free states to the contrary were null and void They left it to me to denounce it. Douglas then went on to criticizing Lincoln on his responses. He accused Lincoln and Trumbull of having made a deal to divide the state s two Senate seats between them. His time was soon over and Lincoln rose for his rebuttal.

Lincoln again defended himself against the notion of being a part of the Black Republican Party and defended against the charge that he did not fully answer Douglas purposed questions, especially on the admission of new slave states and there effect on the Union. With his remaining time, Lincoln addressed Douglas attack on the Washington Union charge that Douglas was the only person to denounce the doctrine. The second debate was over. However this debate left a negative effect on Doulgas future. The questions that Lincoln devised become to be know as the Freeport Doctrine. Lincoln realized that the best way to jeopardize Douglas chances for the presidency in 1860 was to take him out of the Senate in 1858. However, this plan was not entirely Lincoln s. He got help from Henry

Asbury. The two knew how Douglas would react to such questions. Douglas did address the famous second question which asked whether the people of a territory could exclude slavery from their limits prior to the formation of a state constitution against what the people of that state wished. Douglas had chosen a path most people expected him to take. He answered the question in such a way that popular sovereignty would be upheld in new territories. Douglas knew that if Lincoln refuted popular sovereignty at this debate he would diminish any chances for a seat in the Senate. Douglas decision to fight for a sure spot in the Senate lost his approval in the South. The Dred Scott decision had guaranteed the right of slave labor to move into the territories. Douglas stand on popular

sovereignty did not directly oppose the right of moving slaves westward. However it did support the right of the people in the territories to exclude slavery by certain laws, and because of this, Southern Democrats refused to support him when he ran for the presidency which resulted in a lose to no other than Lincoln. The debates continued with only five appearances left. The next debate was at Jonesboro on September 15. The next debates occurred at Charleston on September 18, Galesburg on October 7, Quincy on October 13, and two days later the last debate at Alton. Douglas attacked Lincoln s significance of begin a leader and the Springfield Resolution. He questioned the participation of Lincoln in the success of the Republican Party. And as always, Douglas discussed his support