Химия в биологии, медицине и производстве лекарственных веществ — страница 10

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ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ 1 Нобелевские премии по химии в области физико-химической биологии 1902 Emil H. Fischer (Germany, 1852/10/09 - 1919/07/15) Synthetic studies in the area of sugar and purine groups 1907 Eduard Buchner (Germany, 1860/05/20 - 1917/08/13) Biochemical studies, discovery of fermentation without cells 1915 Richard Willstotter (Germany, 1872/08/13 - 1942/08/03) Investigation of plant pigments, particularly of chlorophyll 1925 Richard A. Zsigmondy (Germany, Austria, 1865/04/01 - 1929/09/29) Colloid chemistry (ultramicroscope) 1926 Theodor Svedberg (Sweden, 1884/08/30 - 1971/02/26) Disperse systems (ultracentrifuge) 1928 Adolf Windaus (Germany, 1876/12/25 - 1959/06/09) Study of sterols and their relation with

vitamins (vitamin D) 1929 Hans von EulerChelpin (Sweden, Germany, 1873/02/15 - 1964/11/06) Arthur Harden (United Kingdom, 1861/10/12 - 1940/06/17) Studies on fermentation of sugars and enzymes 1930 Hans Fischer (Germany, 1881/07/27 - 1945/03/31) Studies on blood and plant pigments, synthesis of hemin 1937 Sir Walter N. Haworth (United Kingdom, 1883/03/19 - 1950/03/19) Studies on carbohydrates and vitamin C Paul Karrer (Switzerland, 1889/04/21 - 1971/06/18) Studies on carotenoids and flavins and vitamins A and B2 1938 Richard Kuhn (Germany, 19001203 19670731) Studies on carotenoids and vitamins 1939 Adolf F. J. Butenandt (Germany, 1903/03/24 - 1995/01/18) Studies on sexual hormones Leopold Ruzicka (Switzerland,1887/09/13 - 1976/09/26) Studies on polymethylenes and higher terpenes

1945 Artturi I. Virtanen (Finland, 1895/01/15 - 1973/11/11) Discoveries in the area of agricultural and food chemistry, method of preservation of fodder 1946 John H. Northrop (USA, 1891/07/05 - 1987/05/27) Wendell M. Stanley (USA, 1904/08/16 - 1971/06/15) Preparation of enzymes and virus proteins in pure form James B. Sumner (USA,1887/11/19 - 1955/08/12) Crystallizability of enzymes 1947 Sir Robert Robinson (United Kingdom, 1886/09/13 - 1975/02/08) Studies on alkaloids 1948 Arne W. K. Tiselius (Sweden, 1902/08/10 1971/10/29) Analysis by means of electrophoresis and adsorption, discoveries about serum proteins 1952 Archer J. P. Martin (United Kingdom, *1910/03/01 - ) Richard L. M. Synge (United Kingdom, 1914/1028 1994/08/18) Invention of distribution chromatography 1953 Hermann

Staudinger (Germany, 1881/03/23 - 1965/09/08) Discoveries in the area of macromolecular chemistry 1954 Linus Carl Pauling (USA, 1901/02/28 - 1994/08/19) Studies on the nature of the chemical bond (molecular structure of proteins) 1955 Vincent du Vigneaud (USA, 1901/05/18 - 1978/12/11) Synthesis of a polypeptide hormone 1957 Sir Alexander R. Todd (United Kingdom, *1907/0702 - ) Studies on nucleotides and their coenzymes 1958 Frederick Sanger (United Kingdom, *1918/08/13 - ) Structure of proteins, especially of insulin 1961 Melvin Calvin (USA, *1911/04/07 - ) Studies on the assimilation of carbonic acid by plants photosynthesis) 1962 John Cowdery Kendrew (United Kingdom, *1917/03/24 - ) Max Ferdinand Perutz (United Kingdom, Austria, *1914/05/19 - Studies on the structures of

globulin proteins 1964 Dorothy CrowfootHodgkin (United Kingdom, *1910/05/12) Structure determination of biologically important substances by means of X rays 1965 Robert Burns Woodward (USA, 1917/04/10 - 1979/07/08) Syntheses of natural products 1969 Odd Hassel (Norway, 1897/05/17 1981/05/13) Derek H.Barton (United Kingdom, *1918/09/08 - ) Development of the concept of conformation 1970 Luis F. Leloir (Argentina, *1906/09/06 - ) Discovery of sugar nucleotides and their role in the biosynthesis of carbohydrates 1972 Christian B. Anfinsen (USA, *1916/03/26 - ) Studies on ribonuclease Stanford Moore (USA, 1913/09/04 - 1982/08/23) William H. Stein (USA, 1911/06/25 - 1980/02/02) Studies on the active enter of ribonuclease 1975 John W. Cornforth (United Kingdom, *1917/09/07 - )

Stereochemistry of enzyme catalysis reactions Vladimir Prelog (Switzerland, Yugoslavia, *1906/07/23 - ) Studies on the stereochemistry of organic molecules and reactions 1977 Ilya Prigogine (Belgium, *1917/01/25 - ) Contributions to the thermodynamics of irreversible processes, particularly to the theory of dissipative structures 1978 Peter D. Mitchell (United Kingdom, *1920/09/29 - ) Studies of biological energy transfer, development of the chemiosmotic theory 1980 Paul Berg (USA, *1926/06/30 - ) Studies on the biochemistry of nucleic acids, particularly hybrid DNA (technology of gene surgery) Walter Gilbert (USA, *1932/03/21 - ) Frederick Sanger (United Kingdom, 1918/08/13 - ) Determination of base sequences in nucleic acids 1982 Aaron Klug (United Kingdom, *1926/08/11)