Globalization Strategy of Nokia

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Korea University Graduate School of International Studies Globalization Strategy of Nokia Professor: Dong Ki Kim Course: Global marketing management Prepared by Mykhailova, Karolina (Sogang University Student) ID: I25004 November 8, 2010 Contents Abstract 1. Introduction: Nokia’s background 2. Role of Nokia on the telecommunication market 3. Market Entry Strategy of Nokia 4. Nokia’s Foreign Direct Investment 5. Mergers, Collaborations and Acquisitions by Nokia 6. Foreign Exchange Market Impact over Nokia 7. Culture and Environment Summary References Abstract The mobile phone usage is increasing every day, revolutionizing the field of technology and our lives throughout the world. We all spend a considerable amount of time using our mobile phone for various purposes making

it the technical innovation that we use most frequently. Nokia is one of the biggest brands in Telecommunications Industry globally. It enjoys a market share of around 35% at the moment. The Finland based company Nokia caters to GSM as well as CDMA segments. Nokia's phones are loved by a lot of people and its name is synonymous with reliability. Nokia has its presence in every segment of the market. It offers the cheapest of phones with the most basic features as well as high-end swanky phones with all the latest features. The purpose of this paper is to briefly look at Nokia’s impact on the international business under the following topics: • Nokia’s market entry strategy: Marketing Mix, Branding, PLC • Foreign Direct Investment • Foreign Exchange Impact over

international Trade of Nokia • Culture of Nokia and CSR This will help to understand how Nokia’s way fits in to the theories of International Business and what strategy put it on the top of mobile phone market. 1. Introduction: Nokia’s background Nokia was founded by Fredrik Idestam in 1865 as a wood-pulp mill in south-western Finland. It was later relocated to the town Nokia where the company got its name. The name Nokia is an old Finnish word for a dark, furry animal (such as the sable). In the beginning of the 20th century Finnish Rubber Works established its factories and began using Nokia as its brand. The companies merged in 1967 as Nokia Corporation, which went on to produce paper products, bicycles, car tires, footwear, personal computers, communication cables and

televisions. It was not until 1987 that Nokia introduced one of the world’s first handheld phones, the Mobira Cityman 900. It weighed only 0.8 kg and cost €4,650. In 1992 Jorma Ollila became the President and CEO of Nokia and focused the company on telecommunications. Nokia launched its first GSM handset in 1992, the Nokia 1011. In 1994, the first mobile to feature the Nokia Tune the Nokia 2100 was launched. In the same year, world's first satellite call was done using one of Nokia's GSM handsets. In 1997, the first mobile to feature Nokia's classic Snake game was launched, the Nokia 6110. 1998 was the year when Nokia became the world leader in mobile phones. The year 1999, was very significant as the Internet went mobile when the world's first WAP handset, Nokia 7110 was

launched. 2002 saw the launch of Nokia's first 3G phones, the Nokia 6650. Nokia launched the N-Gage in 2003. It helped in making the mobile gaming multi-players. Another significant year in the history of Nokia was 2005 when the ‘Nseries’ was introduced. In the same year, Nokia sold its billionth phone. Nokia continues to be the market leader. It is now a huge multi-national company with manufacturing units all over the world. In the highly competitive world of mobile phones, Nokia still has a lot of market presence and provides a lot of mobile contracts and will continue to do the same (Nokia, 2010). 2. Role of Nokia on the telecommunication market Finland, home of Nokia, the world's largest manufacturer of mobile phones, has honed a new innovation plan aimed at keeping the