Ernest Miller Hemingway

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Государственное общеобразовательное учреждение гимназия № 11 Реферат на тему: Ernest Miller Hemingway Выполнил: Самойлов Станислав Андреевич Преподаватель: Тоисеева Ирина Вадимовна Санкт-Петербург 2007 г. A table of contents: 1. The introduction………………………………………………… 2 2. Life of Ernest Hemingway……………………………………... 2 3. Hemingway`s social viewpoint……………………………........ 4 4. Hemingway`s ideas regarding literature and writers…………… 5 5. Hemingway`s style of writing………………………………….. 6 6. The

conclusion………………………………………………….. 7 Ernest Miller Hemingway (1899-1961) The introduction Ernest Miller Hemingway was one of America`s foremost writers, and a classic of American and world literature of the 20th century. He influenced the American short story, and his novels “A Farewell to Arms”, “To Have and Have Not”, “For Whom the Bells Tolls”, “The Old Man and the Sea” are world known. He took part in the First World War, Civil War in Spain and in the Second World War, and fought actively against fascism and war. Hemingway was a man of great talent. An American critic, Carlos Baker, in his book “Ernest Hemingway A Life Story” writes that Hemingway was a perpetual[1] student, a profound[2] reader, a brilliant naturalist

and a keen observer [3] of life around him. Hemingway won the hearts of his readers with his stories and novels and attracted people by his personal qualities ― his honesty and courage above all. He was much interested in fishing, hunting, boxing and the national Spanish sport corrida. LIFE OF ERNEST HEMINGWAY Ernest Miller Hemingway was born at eight o'clock in the morning on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. In the nearly sixty two years of his life that followed he forged a literary reputation unsurpassed[4] in the twentieth century.  In doing so, he also created a mythological hero in himself that captivated[5] (and at times confounded[6]) not only serious literary critics but the average man as well.  In a word, he was a star. Born in the family home at

439 North Oak Park Avenue (now 339 N. Oak Park Avenue), a house built by his widowed[7] grandfather Ernest Hall, Hemingway was the second of Dr. Clarence and Grace Hall Hemingway`s six children; he had four sisters and one brother. He was named after his maternal grandfather Ernest Hall and his great uncle Miller Hall. Oak Park was a mainly Protestant, upper middle-class suburb[8] of Chicago that Hemingway would later refer to as a town of "wide lawns and narrow minds."[9] Only ten miles from the big city, Oak Park was really much farther away philosophically. It was basically a conservative town that tried to isolate itself from Chicago's liberal seediness[10]. Hemingway was raised with the conservative Midwestern values of strong religion, hard work, physical fitness

and self determination; if one adhered[11] to these parameters, he was taught, he would be ensured of success in whatever field he chose. His father, a keen sportsman and ethnographer, was a doctor. His democratic views influenced Ernest greatly. He taught his son first and foremost to be a man, and to love and understand nature His mother was a successful opera singer. Ernest took to reading books at an early age. His nurse recalled that she had been warned not to let him read in bed but that after “I`d tuck him in, he`d say good night, as sweet as could be, then in the morning I` d find books stuffed under the mattress, in the pillow-case, everywhere. He read all the time ― and books far beyond his years” At school Ernest was recognized as an exceptionally good