Drug trafficking - a global challenge of the XXI century — страница 13

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follow today their example. So, the talib mode in Afghanistan allowed to operate in the territory Ben Laden and to other terrorists, encouraged drug traffic and got from it profit. Some Islamic extremists consider drugs business as the weapon against the West and one of sources of incomes for financing of the activity. Other groups, wishing to use "drugs-dollars", "Sendero Luminoso" («the Light way») in Peru, the Kurdish workers' party (РКК) to Turkey, "Hezbollah" in Lebanon, «Tigers of clearing of Tamila» in republic Sri Lanka, the Irish republican army (ИРА) in Great Britain, Incorporated army of the state Va in Burma, various extremist both terrorist groups and terrorists-singles in the USA are. Drug traffic provides receipt from the USA

and Europe huge riches in some regions of Latin America, Asia and Middle East. In effect, drugs give the chance to subsidise activity of terrorist groups worldwide. Conclusion The problem of consumption of drugs gets global and more and more menacing character. Drugs business to some extent can be compared to the international terrorism, and unique distinction between them consists only that terrorists destroy people in arms, and drugs businessmen kill and will cripple human lives, using narcotics. Growth of manufacture and spread of drug addiction in the world speaks following reasons: •In the conditions of political and economic integration, development of international trade, increase of a transparency of internal borders by more free there is a movement of the goods,

financial streams, the capital, population shift. These factors are actively used by criminal structures for working out of new routes and perfection of methods of a transfer of drugs; •Development of a science and occurrence of a new information technology expand possibilities of criminal groupings for application of modern techniques, including computers and шифраторы, mobile phones and other communication facility that substantially raises security of criminal structures and reduces percent of disclosing of the crimes connected with manufacture, a transfer and spread of drug addiction; •Increasing distinction between "the rich north" and "the poor south" is actively maintained by drugs business for expansion of manufacture of drugs on the

African continent, in region Central and the South America, in the countries of South East Asia. The wide circulation has received the use of drugs among youth. As a whole such tendency is shown: middle age of the persons, for the first time tried drugs, decreases, and total number of new consumers of narcotics increases. The youth basically consumes hashish, however even more often in a combination to other excitants. The increasing popularity is got so-called by "club drugs" ("club drugs") type ketamine, and also psychotropic substances of type MDMA ("ecstasy"). Advantage of these narcotics consists that they are cheaper in comparison with the same heroin or cocaine and they can be used in various variations. Efforts of a drug mafia had been

created the steady drugs traffic penetrating almost all territory of the country. For advancement of drugs to consumers’ underground retail networks which actively used not only street, but also schools, clubs, discos have been organised, forming the large-scale market of consumption of narcotics. Bibliography Ball J.C., Ross A. The Effectiveness of Methadone Maintenance Treatment. New York: Springer-Verlag, 2007. Brecher, Edward. The Consumer Report on Licit and Illicit Drugs. N.Y., 2009. Brown University ADEPT - Alcohol and Drug Education for Physician Training in Primary Care. Rhodes Island: Brown University, Center for Alcohol and Addiction Studies, 2007. Buisman W.R. Drug Education: Programmes and Methodology. An Overview of Opportunities for Drug Prevention. Paris:

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