Династия Тюдоров (essay the house of Tudor)

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SCHOOL 1276 WITH PROFOUND THOROUGH OF THE ENGLISH LANGUGE OF THE CENTRAL ADMINISTRATIVE DISTRICT OF MOSCOW THE ESSAY «THE HOUSE OF TUDOR» SERGEY SANOVICH 10 B 2002 CONTENTS: 1.Contents………………………………………………………………….….….……….1 2.Introduction……………………………………………………………….….…………2 3.King Henry VII……………………………………………………………...….……2-3 4.King Henry VIII…………………………………………………………….….……3-4 5.King Edward VI……………………………………………………………..………4-5 6.Lady Jane

Grey……………………………………………………………...………5-8 7.Queen Mary I……………………………………………………………...…..……8-11 8.Queen Elizabeth I………………………………………………………..….....…11-15 9.Conclusion……………………………………………………………………….……15 10.The list of literature………………………………………………….…..…………16 INTRODUCTION I decided to write this essay, because, I am really interested in English history. The five sovereigns of the Tudor dynasty are among the most well-known figures in Royal history. Of Welsh origin, Henry VII succeeded in ending the Wars of the Roses between the houses of

Lancaster and York to found the highly successful Tudor house. He was succeeded by Henry VIII, who is famous for his six wives. This dynasty ruled in Britain for 118 eventful years. Henry VIII was followed to the throne by his children Edward VI, Mary I, and Elizabeth I. (Another Tudor descendant, Jane Grey, was put on the throne after Edward VI's death but was overthrown after only nine days.) They increased the influence of the monarchy, established the Church of England, and made England a world power. When Elizabeth I died in 1603, the Tudor dynasty ended. But the Stuarts, who succeeded the Tudors, were descended from Owen Tudor. Even the modern royal Windsor family can trace its ancestry back to the handsome Welsh squire who married Queen Catherine of Valois. KING HENRY VII

The founding of dynasty The founder of the royal Tudor dynasty was Henry VII's grandfather Owen Tudor, a well-born Welsh man who served as a squire of the body to England's King Henry V. The king died in 1422 and some years later his widow, Catherine of Valois, is said to have married the handsome Tudor, although it is possible they were never legally married. Henry V was succeeded by his infant son, Henry VI. The new king (who became insane as an adult) was little more than a pawn in the so-called Wars of the Roses, a series of power struggles between the ruling House of Lancaster and the rival House of York. Owen Tudor was a staunch supporter of the king. In 1461 Tudor led an army into battle against Yorkists forces at Mortimer's Cross in Herefordshire. The Yorkist side won;

Tudor was killed; Henry VI lost his throne and the Yorkist claimant, Edward IV, became king. Henry Tudor Owen's son Edmund had married Margaret Beaufort, who was descended from King Edward III's son John of Gaunt, the Duke of Lancaster. Edmund died while Margaret was pregnant with their first child, Henry, who was born on January 28, 1457 at Pembroke Castle in Wales. At first Henry was kept hidden in Wales by his uncle, Jasper Tudor. In 1471 Henry VI died - he may have been murdered - in the Tower of London, and Henry Tudor became the Lancastrian claimant to the throne. Fearing for his nephew's safety, Jasper Tudor smuggled him to Brittany (in France). In 1483 Edward IV died suddenly and his young sons, Edward V and Richard, "disappeared" in the Tower of London. Their