Description of Canada

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Presentation of the theme: Description of Canada Contents About Canada People of Canada Etymology History European colonization Confederation and expansion Early 20th century Modern times Government and politics Law Foreign relations and military Provinces and territories Geography and climate Science and technology Economy Culture Language Ottawa About Ottawa Ottawa as the capital History Canada Flag Arms Motto: A Mari Usque Ad Mare (Latin) "From Sea to Sea" Anthem: "O Canada" Royal anthem: "God Save the Queen" CapitalOttawa 45°24′N 75°40′W Largest cityToronto Official language(s)English and French DemonymCanadian GovernmentFederal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy MonarchHM Queen Elizabeth II Governor GeneralMichaëlle

Jean Prime MinisterStephen Harper LegislatureParliament Upper HouseSenate Lower HouseHouse of Commons Establishment British North America ActsJuly 1, 1867 Statute of WestminsterDecember 11, 1931 Canada ActApril 17, 1982 Area Total9,984,670 km2 (2nd) 3,854,085 sq mi Water (%)8.92 (891,163 km2/344,080 mi2) Population 2010 estimate34,073,000 [3] (36th) 2006 census31,241,030[4] Density3.41/km2 (228th) Drives on the Right Canada (pronounced /ˈkænədə/) is a country occupying most of northern North America, extending from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west and northward into the Arctic Ocean. It is the world's second largest country by total area. Canada's common border with the United States to the south and northwest is the longest in the world. People

of Canada Canada is a good example of the way peoples of different ways of life and different languages can live side by side under one government. The population of Canada has risen from 11,5 million in 1941 to 25 million in 1980. Most of the new-comers are from Europe, Asia and the USA, so that today less than 44% of Canada’s population is of British origin. Quebec Province is still 90% French. There are some groups of French Canadians in Ontario and Manitoba, but the numbers are quite small. There are many Indians, Pakistanis and Chinese, and also blacks from the USA, among the immigrants who are pouring into Canada now. Some Canadians are afraid that before long Canada will have colored citizens that white. Other Canadians are disturbed by the growing racism in their

country. Canada, like so many countries, has only just begun to treat her own non-white citizens, Eskimos (or Inuit) and the Indians, as generously as they deserve. The Indian and Eskimo populations have grown quite a lot in the last few years. The government is at last realizing that it has a duty towards this people that it has neglected for so long. All Canadian children have to learn both French and English at school, but Franco phones and Anglophones do not enjoy learning each other’s language. Still, most Quebecois middle class families, living in Montreal are bilingual - they speak English and French equally well. Until the Second World War, every Canadian province except Quebec was overwhelmingly British. Some Canadians were more patriotic than the British them-selves

and were really angry if anyone walked out of a cinema while ‘God Save the King’ was being played. Now Canadians think of themselves as a people in their own right, not tied to either Britain or the USA. The USA has not been a threat to Canada for almost two hundred years. In fact, the 6,416 km US-Canadian frontier is the longest continuous frontier in the world, has no wire fence, no soldiers, no guns on either side. It is called ‘The Border’. The land occupied by Canada was inhabited for millennia by various groups of Aboriginal people. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored, and later settled, along the Atlantic coast. France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763 after the Seven Years' War. In 1867, with the