Countries and cities — страница 6

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is the American parliament which consists of two Chambers. The president is the head of the state and the government He is elected for four years. There are two main political parties in the USA. They are the Democratic Party (was organized in the 1820s) and the Republican Party (was organized in the 1850s). The Communist party of the USA was founded in Chicago in 1919. The youth movement is an important factor in the political life of the USA. WASHINGTON Washington is the capital of the United States of America. The city is on the left bank of the Potomac River. The city was named after the first President George Washington. The population of the city is nearly three million people. There are many beautiful parks and gardens in Washington. It is interesting to see the famous

cherry trees. These trees are the gift from Japan in 1912. There are many libraries, museums, art galleries in the city, for example, you can see The National Gallery of Art. It was opened in 1941. It has a lot of art collections by the great masters from the 14th to the 19th centuries. It is one of the finest picture galleries in America. The NASA Museum is devoted to the US Achievements in the exploration of Space. The Capitol is the centre of the city. The Capitol was built according to the ^lans of William Thomton. He was an amateur architect. It was made of stone and marble and contains 540 rooms. It is situated on Capitol Hill. Capitol Hill is the highest place in the city. Topping the dome is the 19th foot bronze statue of Freedom. There is a law that forbids to build

houses higher than the Capitol. The Capitol is the seat of Congress. Congress consists of two Chambers: The Senate and the House of Representatives. From the Capitol to the White House runs Pennsylvania Avenue used for all processions and parades. The White House is the place where the President of the USA lives and works. It is the official residence of the USA presidents. This house was first occupied in 1800. George Washington (1732-1799) died in 1799 and he did not live in that House. John Adams was the first President who lived in that House. The White House has 132 rooms. The Metrorail system is an up-to-date one in Washington. If you want to go by metro, you have to find the letter "M". The fare in metro is connected with the time of a day and the distance of

your travelling. There are a lot of interesting places in Washington. It is difficult to find a park or a square without a monument or a memorial. The Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument are the most -famous and nice ones. The Lincoln memorial was dedicated on Memorial Day - May 30, 1922. It was built in the style of a classic Greek temple. It has 36 columns. Each column represents the state in the Union at the time of Lincoln's death. But the dominant feature of the building is the realistic figure of Lincoln. The Washington Monument is one of the city's most impressive sights. It is situated in Potonic Park. It was erected to the memory of the first President of the USA in 1888. It is called "The Pencil", because it is one of the tallest stone constructions in

the world and the tallest stone structure in the USA. This monument is over 555 feet high. There is The Pentagon in Washington. It is a building and it was built between 1941-1943. Now it is the US military centre. A lot of people work there. Washington is a city almost without industry. PHILADELPHIA One of the main cities of the United States of America is Philadelphia. It is situated in the east of the USA. Now Washington is the capital of the USA, but Philadelphia was the first capital of the United States of America from 1790 till 1800. Many people consider that Philadelphia is an important political centre of the USA, because the USA constitution was the first written constitution in the world adopted in this city in 1787 and the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed in

1776. Philadelphia is a seaport and a shipping centre of the country too. It is an important manufacturing centre. Some branches of industry are developed in the city. There are many places of interest in Philadelphia, for example, the Independence National Historical Park. You can see many monuments in it. If you want to leam the history of America you have to leam something about the Liberty Bell. Now the Liberty Bell is a symbol of freedom. The sound of this Bell told the people about the first public reading of the Declaration of Independence. It was in July, 1776. Philadelphia is one of the cultural centres of the country. The Parkway is the cultural centre of Philadelphia. You can see the Philadelphia Museum of Art (great art museum of the world), College of Art, Academy of