Билеты по английскому языку за 11 класс — страница 15

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anovel in verse. «Eugen Onegin» became the linguistic and literary standard. It is a commentary on the life of the early I 9th century Russia. It is noted for brilliant verse. He also wrote other long poems, including «Bronze Horseman» (1833), the finest collection of lyrics in Russian literature. Pushkin created also a number of masterpieces in drama and prose. «Little Tragedies» and «The Stone Guest» are among the best works in the world history of drama. Pushkin's love to Russia's past resulted in his historical drama, «Boris Godunov» (1825). «Tales of the Late l.P.Belkin», «Dubrovsky», «The Captain's Daughter» are the most important of his prose works. Pushkin's use of Russian influenced the of great Russian writers Turgenev, Goncharov, Tolstoy. Pushkin's

early death shocked the country. Pushkin, called by many «the sun of Russian literature», belongs among the foremost poets and writers of the world. Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln is the most famous example of the **American dream». Many Americans think that in their country a man may rise from the lowest to the highest position in th*irland. That was exactlywhat Lincoln did. He was born in 1809 in a small farm in Kentucky. When Abraham was quite young, the family moved to the wild forest land of Indiana. He hardly had any education; he only learned to read and write and do simple arithmetic. In 1830 Abraham left his father's farm and went to Springfield, Illinois. There he became a clerk in a store and worked hard to improve his education. In 1836 he became a lawyer. He

entered politics, too, and in 1834 became a candidate to the Parliament of Illinois. He soon became a force in the political life. In 1847 he went as a Congressman to the National Assembly (National Parliament).Slavery was then becoming a burning questions American politics. Many people in the Northern states wanted to abolish it, the Southern states opposed the abolition. The Southerners said that it would mean economic ruin for them. The reason was that the prosperity of the South was based on cotton-growing, and only Negroes worked there. The Southerners threatened that if the North didn't ceaseits fight against slavery, the Southern states would leave the Union. They wanted to form an independent «confederacy»*. In 1860 Lincoln was elected President of the USA. In 1861

seven states left the Union and elected their own President, Jefferson Davis. The Confederacy was formed.Lincoln was strongly against slavery and even more strongly against the break-up of the Union. In 1862 the American Civil War between the North and the South began. At first the war went badly for the North. The Southerners headed by General Robert Lee and Colonel Jackson won some brilliant victories. But Lincoln did not lose courage. On April, 9 General Leesurrendered. The Civil War was over. Lincoln tried to convince former enemies that they should live in peace.On April, 14 the President and his wife visited a theatre in Washington. During the performance Lincoln was shot by an actor who supported Confederacy. Abraham Lincoln died next morning. People admire Lincoln for

political moderation. They admire himbecause he tried to preserve the nation. He is a symbol of American democracy. Пушкин Пушкин - наиболее важный Российский автор всего времени, подобно Шекспиру в Англии или Dante в Италии. Пушкин обеспечил стандарты для Российских искусств и литературы в 19-ом столетии. Пушкин был рожден в Москве в 1799 в семейство верхнего класса. В 1811 он вступил в lyceum в Tsarskoye Соло. Предлагаемое образование В lyceum формировал жизнь Пушкина. Он закончил lyceum в 1817 и начал

работать в Министерство иностранных дел в Санкт-Петербурге. В 1820 министерство иностранных дел передало(переместило) Пушкина Ekaterinoslav, и Позже к Одессе для письма антицарской поэзии. В 1824, для его писем против царя, он был сослан к Mikhailovskoye. В 1824, Царь Николас I разрешил Пушкину возвращаться в Москву. Пушкин чувствовал влюбленным в Natalya Goncharova, - кто был lfrthen, и в 1830 они женились. Его жена подозревалась в деле с Бароном Георгесом d'Antes; это