Beaucracy In America Essay Research Paper What

  • Просмотров 250
  • Скачиваний 9
  • Размер файла 14

Beaucracy In America Essay, Research Paper What is bureaucracy? According to Radin bureaucracy is an organization made up of appointed individuals. There are many forms of bureaucracy such as large corporations and government agencies. Bureaucratic government has become a modern feature of all modern societies, those that are democratic and those that are not democratic. But, in American bureaucracy there are four characteristics that operate as aspects under the constitution. One of those characteristics is political authority. Unfortunately, the political authority in a bureaucratic government is shared. So, that means that no one individual has absolute power over the other. Secondly, along with shared authority federal agency share functions with those governments at the

state and local levels. But only those agencies that do not deal with the people share their functions, such as education and employment agencies. Thirdly, since the late 1950 s there has been an expansion for personal rights. Finally, the range of the American bureaucratic government differs from that of other countries. For instance the American bureaucratic government regulates the private owned enterprise. In countries such as Europe the bureaucratic government operates and owns the economy. Since the first congress in 1789, bureaucracy has grown. In 1789 there was a vote on what is now bureaucracy, but none of the four fathers but forth a distinct statement on whom would control the bureaucracy. But as we the American people know it bureaucracy is a product of the 1930 s

depression and WWII. Since, then many agencies have been added but the main functions of bureaucracy had been set forth. After those events the government was to play an active role in social events and the economy. WWII was the first case when the government played an active role in using the federal income taxes as a source to finance war activities. In return the war created a financial boom in the economy and government that caused expansion of programs and a large number of administrators. With that created support of administrators came a sense of mission. That sense of mission is whether or not an organization has a clear understanding of what the purposes and methods are and shared by members. Of course with or without that sense there were also constraints that were

imposed on the bureaucrats by the government s rules and laws. Such constraints would be laws that allow equal treatment for minorities and women when hiring. Another of those constraints was the Administrative Procedure Act. But, the most important constraint on bureaucratic power is that federal agencies are complex organizations. Meaning that each department must consult with the other department before taking any action. This particular process is called concurrence. These constraints on bureaucracy does not mean that bureaucracy is ineffective. But, what is does mean is that it is easier to block an action than to implement one. These constraints on bureaucratic power are not apparent to the American people, but they are apparent to those that enter government fervent to

take over. Bureaucrats appear in a spectrum of political forces in and outside the government. But there are many outside political forces that bureaucrats must cope with. Most government bureaucrats have a need for independence. They basically wish to do their work as they please and be left alone. More government agencies would like more independence, but like fads, independence fades. The Congressional supervision of bureaucracy has shaped into many forms. One those forms is that no agency can exist without the approval from Congress. Secondly, no many may be spent unless authorized and appropriated by Congress. Thirdly, even though monies have been authorized they can not be spent unless they have been appropriated. Therefore, many monies are not spent because Congress only