Bay Of Pigs 10 Pages Essay Research

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Bay Of Pigs (10 Pages) Essay, Research Paper B A Y O F P I G S The story of the failed invasion of Cuba at the Bay of Pigs, which is located on the south coast of Cuba about 97 miles southeast of Havanna, was one of mismanagement, poor judgment, and stupidity (?Bay of Pigs? 378). The blame for the failed invasion falls directly on the CIA (Central Intelligence Agency) and a young president by the name of John F. Kennedy. The whole intention of the invasion was to assault communist Cuba and put an end to Fidel Castro. Ironically, thirty-nine years after the Bay of Pigs, Fidel Castro is still in power. First, it is necessary to look at why the invasion happened and then why it did not work. From the end of World War II until the mid-eighties, most Americans could agree that

communism was the enemy. Communism wanted to destroy our way of life and corrupt the freest country in the world. Communism is an economic system in which one person or a group of people are in control. The main purpose of communism is to make the social and economic status of all individuals the same. It abolishes the inequalities in possession of property and distributes wealth equally to all. The main problem with this is that one person who is very wealthy can be stripped of most of his wealth so that another person can have more material goods and be his equal. The main reason for the Bay of Pigs attack on Cuba was the change to communism. On January 1, 1959, Cuban dictator Fulgencio Batista fled the country for the safety of the Dominican Republic (Goode, Stephen 75). Fidel

Castro and his guerrilla warriors overthrew the old government dictated by Batista. During the next couple of weeks, Castro established a new government and on February 16, he was officially declared premier (Finkelstein, Norman H. 127). The United States accepted this new regime as a relief from the harsh, corrupt, and unpopular government of Batista. Soon after everything settled down, Castro and his men made a rapid move to change their political course. He announced his transformation to Marxism-Leninism and avowed his friendship with the Soviet Union (Goode, Stephen 75). These events upset the United States and there were concerns about Castro becoming too powerful. One reason was the friendship with the Soviet Union because Cuba was receiving armed forces to expand and

improve its army. Cuba received 30,000 tons of arms a year, which included Soviet JS-2 51-ton tanks, SU-100 assault guns, T-34 35-ton tanks, 76-mm field guns, 85-mm field guns, and 122-mm field guns (Goode, Stephen 75&76). Fidel Castro took great pride in the armed forces. He expanded the ground forces from 250,000 to 400,000 troops. These figures put one out of every thirty Cubans in the armed forces, compared to one out of every sixty Americans (Goode, Stephen 76). Castro and communist Cuba was generating a military establishment ten times larger than that of Batista?s. Castro put together the best army any Latin American country had ever had (Goode, Stephen 76). Analysts in Washington were frightened by this news. They were getting scared that Cuba might try to attack the

United States with Soviet missiles and missile launchers. Also, they were afraid that Castro might attack other Latin American countries. Both scenarios were not welcome in the United States, and the downfall of Castro and the Cuban government became the top priority of the CIA (Goode, Stephen 76). There were many Cubans that did not like Castro. They flocked to the United States in order to escape communism. These people were known as Cuban exiles (Goode, Stephen 76). On March 17, 1960, the CIA and President Eisenhower got together and discussed the situation going on in Cuba. They decided to arm and train these Cuban exiles for guerrilla warfare against Cuba (Goode, Stephen 76&77). In November 1960, John F. Kennedy was elected president. Upon his election, he was informed