Baseball The Origin Essay Research Paper There — страница 2

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shaken by its first major scandal when eight members of the Chicago White Sox were accused of accepting bribes to intentionally lose the 1919 World Series to Cincinnati. All eight, including the legendary Shoeless Joe Jackson, were later banned from the game for life. In 1989 another baseball idol, Pete Rose of the Cincinnati Reds, received a lifetime suspension for gambling (See Rose, Pete). The next year George Steinbrenner, owner of the New York Yankees, was issued a lifetime banishment (also for gambling).(When Hell Broke Loose In Baseball) In the wake of the so-called Black Sox scandal a baseball commissioner was proposed to replace an ineffective three-man commission. Kenesaw M. Landis, a federal judge, exercised absolute authority over all phases of the game from 1920

until his death in 1944. The first African American to head a major professional sports league in the United States was Bill White, who became the NL president in 1989. The commissioner and both major leagues maintain their headquarters in New York City. (Franchise Information)