Base Of Social Work Essay Research Paper

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Base Of Social Work Essay, Research Paper Knowledge Base of Social Work: Practice methods that correspond to the levels of Practice are: 1. Micro level of practice- direct practice/service delivered directly to clients (face to face and minimal administrative work. 2. Mezzo level of practice- indirect practice involving administration/leadership roles enabling effective delivery of services. ? Policy formulation ? Program design ? Funding ? Management ? Supervision ? Organizational and Public Relations ? Community Education ? Monitoring for Improvement of Productivity 3. Macro level of practice- involves the processes of Social Planning and Community Organization ? Professional Change Agents who assist Comm. Action Systems composed of individuals, groups or Organizations deal

with social problems ? Program planning and development, working with governmental agents and Comm. ? Implementation of Programs 4. Research- driving force behind rigorous advancement of knowledge Philosophy of Direct Practice 1. People are capable of making their own change; they have free will 2. Assist people maximize their potential and independence 3. Change environmental influences that adversely impact clients 4. Increase understanding that behavior is purposive and goal directed and this is not readily discernible. 5. People are capable of learning new behaviors 6. Most difficulties can be resolved by focusing on present choices and mobilizing their strengths 7. Increasing people’s knowledge and learning new skills produces self growth in the process 8. Utilize

strategies that motivate people to implement changes in various types of systems 9. Life’s crises represent opportunities for growth and mastery is a source of strain in life 10. People need self-affirmation and self-esteem. Many conflicts are indirect expression of feelings of low self-esteem. 11. Human growth occurs in the context of relationships with other people 12. We model for others open authentic relationship skills/behaviors 13. Increase responsiveness to the needs of others 14. Live in the reality of the present motivates people to exercise their potentialities more fully 15. Means of assisting clients should safeguard dignity, self-esteem, self-determination and confidentiality 16. Awareness of self is the first step to self-realization 17. People right to their own

values and belief systems are inviolate. It is social work’s responsibilities to assist clients to face these aspects of those beliefs that cause dysfunction in their lives. The Helping Process Phase I: 1. Establishing rapport 2. Exploring client’s problems 3. Formulating multidimensional assessment of the problem, systems involved and resources available 4. Enhancing motivation of client 5. Mutually negotiating goals and formulating a contract Phase II: -The participants combine their efforts in working towards the goals, consisting of discrete actions or tasks that are integral units of the overall goal -Practitioners has the responsibility of selecting and implementing interventions that will assist clients in accomplishing their goals and task. -Interventions should

directly relate to the problems and to the consequent goals that were negotiated and that were derived from accurate assessment. -Monitor improvement on regular basis -Use of self in process appropriately provides for clients a model of open an authentic relationship Phase III: 1. Assess when individuals and group goals have been attained and plan termination accordingly 2. Effecting successful termination of the helping relationship 3. Planning for maintenance of change and continued growth following termination 4. Evaluating the results of the help in process The Cardinal Values of Social Work 1. Developing and utilizing resources 2. Affirming the worth and dignity of clients 3. Affirming uniqueness and individuality 4. Affirming problem-solving capacities and