Baroque And Classical Music Essay Research Paper — страница 2

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orchestral music. During the Classic period the trend setter was a German city called Vienna. F.J. Haydn was employed for the majority of his productive life by a princely family called Esterhazy. His international success was assured by two visits to London. He was asked to come to London by J.P. Solomon, where he wrote 12 symphonies. Aside from a total of 104 symphonies, Haydn wrote several wonderful works for large choir with orchestra. Four works are The Creation, The Seasons. Mass in the Time of War, The Return of Tobias. II Mozart was a true child of the classic age. His full name (Johannes Chrysostamos Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart) can attest to that. Mozart had a very talented sister. Her name was Maria Anna, and she played the piano. In their youth they traveled

together. Two Italian composers who influenced Mozart a great deal were Martini and Thomas Linley. When young Mozart visited London, he was introduced to London’s most respected composer of the time, Franz Joseph Haydn. Mozart wrote music for 21 works for the stage, but his best-known operas are the last five. Die Zauberflote, Le Nozze de Figaro, Die Entfuhrung Cosi Fan Tutte, and Don Giovanni. For three of them he collaborated with the librettist Emmanuel Schiknader. Although Haydn was old enough to be Mozart’s teacher, they treated each other as colleagues with a great deal of respect for each other’s work. The best proof of that fact can be seen in the preface to some of their publications; they dedicated many of their string quartets to each other. Since Mozart seldom

used opus numbers, and did not keep track of his compositions very well, the task of cataloging his work fell to Kochel. Similarly, the works of Dominico Scarlatti were cataloged twice, once by Longo and once by Kirkpatrick. Today’s publications typically show both numbering systems. III Two important German dramatists at the time of Beethoven were Schiller and Goethe. Beethoven used texts, or gained inspiration from both of them. Schiller inspired part of the 9th Symphony, Goethe inspired music for Egmont. Beethoven frequently went against convention. As a matter of fact, his symphonic audiences waited for what Beethoven might do next. He wrote a funeral march in the 3rd symphony. The scherzo was in front of the slow movement in the 9th. In the 5th symphony a bridge connects

the third and fourth movements. Program music is normally associated with later romantic composers, but Beethoven foreshadowed that trend by writing a completely programmatic symphony, the 6th. The story is covered throughout five movements: mvt I – Awakening of pleasant feelings, II – scene by the brook, III- Happy gathering of country folk, IV- the thunderstorm , V -Shepherds song the thankful feelings after the storm. He was frequently encouraged to write opera, but he wrote only one. He ultimately called it Fidelio, even though when he first worked on it, he called it Leonore. 33e