Barn Burning Essay Research Paper To present

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Barn Burning Essay, Research Paper To present all of the behaviors of chimpanzees in one paper is virtually impossible. So, I am going to attempt to present only certain major behaviors such as hunting and gathering to sharing and caring in the following paragraphs. Hunting and Gathering There are many interesting subtleties to the chimpanzee that the average person does not know about. It was first believed that the chimpanzee was a vegetarian. But, after many years of trivial research, it was clear that meat is and was a natural part of this animal?s diet. Now, of course comes that part on how the chimpanzee gets that meat to eat. Although chimpanzees can and do hunt alone, they often form larger hunting parties consisting of more than ten adult males, plus females and

juveniles. Chimpanzees also go on ?hunting binges? in which they kill a large number of monkeys and other animals over a period of several weeks or days. The reason for this is mysterious, but one mean is maybe to make political bonds and gain access to sexually-receptive females. One observation that has been made is the tendency of chimpanzees to hunt in groups. Since these animals live in a fission-fusion society, where there is very little cohesion in the group, (beyond the young and their mothers), the size of a hunting party is related to the success of a hunt. A lone chimpanzee may only capture an animal thirty percent of the time, whereas a party of ten or more is successful nearly very time. however, chimpanzees do not join hunting parties expecting to increase their

intake of meat. Looking at the social aspects of chimpanzee societies to understand their hunting patterns comes from the observation that males for most of the hunting. Adult and adolescent males make over ninety percent of the kills. Although females occasionally do hunt, they often receive more of a share of meat from the male(s) who captured the prey. The relationship between males and females is dynamic. Sometimes a begging female does not receive any meat until the male copulates with her, even while holding the fresh carcass. The size of the hunting party increases in proportion to the number of estrous females present. With that comes the increased likelihood that a hunt will occur. This suggests that male chimpanzees use meat again as a tool to gain access to sexually

receptive females. In turn, the females receive the benefits because more shares of meat means more healthy offspring. The distribution of the kill to other males also hints at another social role. The male distributes the meat to his allies, but consistently withholds it from his rivals. Such behavior reveals that meat can be used as a political tool in chimpanzee society. Caring and Sharing Chimpanzees have proven that they are capable of sharing food and favors with reciprocity, remembering chains of obligation, and demonstrating sympathy. Chimpanzee society is not merely the product of power-hungry cliques, but consists of caring, sharing individuals who from self-policing networks. Chimpanzees social behavior is based on reciprocity. In one of Dr. Frans de Waal, observations

made at the Arnhem zoo in the Netherlands, was of two females who broke what was admittedly a human-imposed rule that none of the chimpanzees get fed until all were inside the feeding enclosure. They delayed the colony?s evening meal by two hours. But, it was the chimpanzees, not the zookeepers who punished them. Chimpanzee society also has room for more generous feelings. Combatants usually reconcile themselves with much kissing, hugging, and embracing. Kissing is especially likely when combatants are trying to preserve important relationships by reconciling after a fight. Such explicit reconciliation is also seen in other primates, but chimps go further. Individuals not involved in the conflict may also come to console the loser. Another trait that chimps have been said to